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The Reason Why Irish Decided to Emigrate to The USA

The Irish potato famine was a watershed affair that of course pertained to a specific number of years of epidemic famine in Ireland from the years of 1845 and 1852. The actual particular potato, which really was not originally from Ireland — it is actually thought Sir Walter Raleigh provided the 1st tubers for planting via the the Americas close to 1570 — was clearly proven by the time of mid-nineteenth century as being a essential basic food staple. Thankfully, potatoes matured effectively in Ireland’s cooler, humid environment, generated a higher harvest per patch of ground, and were definitely the key nutrition for lots of peasant cultivators. They were actually also a principal revenue crop. Fully one-third of Ireland’s populace was dependent for the potatoes for their survival. A lot of the potatoes thus referenced selected and planted were actually genetically cloned via preceding generations’ potatoes, causing particular potato new plants with almost no hereditary variety and thus prone to harm via sickness.

The wisdom involved with hindsight now informs us that when the 1st potatoes thus referenced started to blacken as well as rot inside the growing area due to a infection called phytophthora infestans, (specific potato curse) that was brought into Ireland with the interior of consignments water crafts. The Irish famine, which is how it is widely called, in combination with the government policies of the day, together ravaged the particular Irish population. Large numbers of men and women perished, and then many millions left Ireland and emigrated to Canada in order to prevent starvation.

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Restricting Cows, A substitute for Fences and Gates

Most people see animals and thoughts having to do with beef wandering about all over farmland or simply lurking behind strong walls pop into your head. It truly is a charming concept, yet unfortunately timber walls are hardly good obstructions that will help hold animals. The remedy which doesn’t demand the utilization of throughways is probably cattle guards.

A cattle guard helps ranchers as well as growers to do the job anyplace on his or her residence having the confidence their own cattle remains safe and secure. cattle guards might be routinely called to as Texas Gates and Cattle Grids. These are generally fabricated from heavy duty wall steel pipe combined with ultra heavy steel channels. Covered ends restrict deterioration ..

Their rating system – AASHTO stress rating method -produces ranchers and even growers with specifics that allows all of them to successfully buy the cattle guard most suitable for his requirements. At barnworld ranchers and farm owners can discover cattle guards utilizing the appropriate ratings:

HS-15 – This particular rating will work for non-public and lightweight industrial usage. It offers a cargo ranking of 12 tons for each axle.

HS-20 – The following scoring is superb when it comes to light-weight to nominal commercial usage calling for heavy load capacities as well as more traffic. It offers a superior a good cargo rate of 16 tons for each and every axle.

U-54 – This unique status will work for heavier loads as well as , very high road traffic. It offers a superior a weight ranking of 25 tons for every axle.

U-80 – The following standing is for overweight loads and very high vehicular traffic. It provides the load rate of 30 tons.

Each cattle guard or Texas Gate can be used within roping arenas before the individual roping can recover their rope. They are also excellent for keeping animals, such as animals in and / or outside of a premises. Cattle grids are made up of parallel bars or tubes that are put on top of a depression, like a ditch, making it possible for anyone and vehicles to pass, yet blocking livestock from passing by. A hole between the bars is big enough for the animal’s leg to slip through, but not broad enough to prevent individuals or motor vehicles.

Opening and closing gateways squanders valuable time and oftentimes the gateways are still open bringing about roaming cows. The highest quality cattle guards can be purchased at

Downloading Computer Software and eBooks Off the Internet

Downloading Computer Software and eBooks Off the Internet

If there is one thing that people like it is something that is available to them for free. This especially goes for computer software. Various places offer free software programs for people on a trial period or shareware versions of products that are free. These can range from business products to games. There are many places that you can visit and start downloading computer software off the Internet.

CNet’s is one of the world’s top places to go for downloading computer software off the Internet. They have different types of software on this site. These programs include developer tools, web browsers, spyware and virus protection programs and drivers for hardware programs. Some fun software, like screensavers or games, can be found on too.

One of the best things about is that of the variety of software it has for downloading. This includes freeware and shareware as well as products that are active for only a certain amount of time. Reviews of products from CNet writers and users are also available so that it can be easier to find the right download. This is considered to be a top rated site on the Internet. You can also add your products to the website if you have something to offer people.

ZDNet also has one of the top locations for downloading computer software off the Internet. This site is located at Windows and Macintosh programs are available along with software development software for security, optimization and debugging. Shareware and trial software are the most common programs that can be found here. Mobile phone programs are available for download too.

Another place for downloading computer software off the Internet is Computer Hope. Located at, this site features information on how to use computer programs and on how to make computing easier for anyone. Various programs are available for downloading on the site, including program drivers and assorted freeware programs. The products that they offer are intended to help make your computing experience easier.

GoLoads, which is at, is another of the places for downloading computer software off the Internet. Many of the programs that are available here are multimedia programs. These programs include audio editing software, media conversion software and video editing programs. While many of the programs featured here for download are entertainment programs, there are some other great options to look into as well. This includes email tools and office programs.

Many different formats are supported on GoLoads. Windows, Macintosh and Linux operating systems have programs available for download on the site. Pocket PC files are also available. This is indeed one of the best sites to visit for anyone because of the amount of software for different operating systems.

For those who enjoy computer games FilePlanet is a great place to visit online. Located at, this site features many different files for games. These include demos of games that can be tried before buying a game and upgrades for games. Additional files, including new multiplayer maps for online action games, roster updates for sports game and other fun additional files are also featured on this site. Reviews of these files are available also.

Another great place to consider for downloading computer software off the Internet is PC TechBytes. Available at, this site features utilities that are available for use on a computer. Most of the programs here are trial editions of programs. Computer benchmark software is available along with programs for networking, firewalls and backup services. As you will see, these programs are all used for the intention of protecting and supporting a computer.

These are all great sites to visit for downloading computer software off the Internet. Some sites will have a variety of software and reviews that are helpful, while others will carry only productivity or gaming files. No matter what you are looking for, there are some great sites to look into for downloading software for the computer.

Estimating Project Scope

Estimating Project Scope

Whenever I am beginning a new software development project the clients first questions are: “what is it going to take?” and “how much is it going to cost?”. These are two very big questions and normally take a lot of system analysis work to derive. This can be done in various ways and everyone has there own preference. I normally put together a project scope document that lays out many of the fundamental parts of the development effort.
So far my largest project scope document has been 14 pages, but I have also done small ones that fit nicely into emails. The length of the document is largely dependant on the size and complexity of the system you are implementing. It usually takes anywhere from 3 hours to 2 days to gather the required information and I don’t charge anything for the analysis. This is kind of like requirements gather, but not as detailed. I usually jot down a few key requirements that will largely impact the scope.
When doing this analysis you need to gather what kind of architecture would best fit the company. If the company has plans for rapid growth an Object Oriented or Service Orient Architecture would probably fit best. Also gather as many functional requirements to accurately estimate the development effort. Also jot down as many business entities as possible such as: sale, order, product, customer, etc. The business entities will be used as database tables and classes at implementation time. It is also curtail that a technology platform is defined in this phase of the project. This may be common sense, but a Windows Forms application would not work well on a Linux operating system. All of these factors will largely affect the scope of the project.
The main purpose of a project scope document is to ensure that the client’s view of the project is inline with the consulting company’s view of the project. Normally I go through two or three drafts with the client before I assemble the final document. The project scope document should:

1. Level set project expectations.

2. Address time and costs.

3. Provide executive management and other stakeholders with a clear understanding of what the project entails.

4. Layout risks and benefits of the new system.

Here is the general format that I use:

I. Project Charter

States the project name and purpose. This should clearly layout the description of the project and the anticipated outcome. If existing systems will be effected by the new system then list effected systems in this block. Also indicate the technology platform that has been selected for this project. Last but not least list what it is going to take to make this project successful.

II. Project Context

In this section state the problem(s) with the current system. And explain how the new system will remedy the problems.

III. Project Expectations

This section requires extensive business knowledge and involves participation from all parties that are affected by the application. List out all expectations from each department within the organization.

IV. Project Approach

List the methodologies and approaches that will be used to ensure a successful implementation. Also introduce how the standard development lifecycle will be used within each phase.

V. Project Risks/Rewards

List the risks and rewards of the project implementation here. Give each risk or reward an impact rating of high, medium, or low.

VI. Resource Needs

Define the roles that will be needed along with a brief description for each role.

VII. Cost

Layout a cost for each role, development environment, and hardwired.

VIII. Key Stakeholder Sign-off

Define the key stakeholders and get signoff.

Remember the project scope document is the gateway to the project, so make sure expectations are set up front and that there are no surprises. Please contact me and let me know what you think. Also visit my company’s website

Certification Q&A: The Basics Of Certification

Certification Q&A: The Basics Of Certification

* What does certified mean?

There are four accepted meanings of the adjective “certified” but only two of which satisfy the needed meaning. To be certified means to be endorsed with authority by an institution or a person with higher position after one successfully meets certain requirements. Another meaning is that a person is qualified to do a certain job as supported by an appropriate document better known and regarded as a Certification.

* What certifications are there?

If you are pertaining to online certifications, there are lots to be traced. To help you find one best certification that fits your ability and interest, you may log on to reliable sites in the internet. For now, the following are the basic IT certifications:

• IT Auditing
• Document Imaging
• E-Commerce
• Internet/Intranet
• Linux
• Networking
• Printing
• Project Management
• IT Security
• Servers
• Service Technician
• Technical Trainer
• Webmaster

* Who benefits from certification?

Primarily the one given a certification benefits more. Being certified means one can properly function on a certain job. This means, companies will easily hire a person with certification especially when certifications come from a reliable learning institution.

In some ways, the company to which a certified person intends to apply for work will also benefit since the performance of the applying employee is being supported with a certification.

* Is certification better than experience?

The answer for that is a big “No.” Certification means training. It is impossible for a person to send himself training without experiencing what it is he intends to do. For this reason, we cannot equate certification from experience since they do not share the same purpose. However, if you already have work experience, a certification is a big help for promotion, recognition and pay raises.

On the other hand, companies are not solely after experience but after educational attainments and performances. In other words, having completed a course as proved by a certification is a chance to be hired.

* Which certification program is best for me?

The best certification program for you is the one that fits your interests and capabilities. Those two factors should be considered above all ese when finding the right and best certification program for you.

* How much will getting certified cost?

Almost all training packages from different training institutions are cost effective. The training cost will depend on the training you want to pursue and in which training institution you intend to enroll. Generally, a trainee should prepare to pay between 0 and 0 for each training program.

* How long will certification take?

There are training institutions that offer a 6-month online training program. The usual training timeframe is one year. This length of training may exceed to a maximum of 2 years depending on the program conducted.

* Do I need a college degree to be certified?

You do not need a college degree to be certified. Some certification programs require one to have at least finished high school upon enrolling in a certain course.

* Will certification really help my career?

A certification may help your career. Nowadays, competition in the jobs is getting tougher. For one to stay in his or her job or to be promoted to a higher position, one factor to consider is his or her educational achievements. That is one reason why mastering your field of work by means of studying and training can be a great boost for your career. That is where a certification program can make or break your career advancement.

* Will I have to go somewhere for my certification training?

While you can find local institutions where you can take classes and tests, most training is done online now. You do not need to go somewhere else for your training. You do not even need to attend classes personally for your lessons. Not only is training done mostly online now, but examinations for certification are also given online.

Finding A Web Host To Fit Your Needs

Finding A Web Host To Fit Your Needs

Deciding which web hosting service is right for your web site is similar to choosing the right car for your family. Just like a lemon auto choice can complicate your life and cost you more in the long run, a lousy web host can affect your online business on many different levels, potentially costing you time and money.

Of course, no one purposefully chooses a poor web host any more than one knowingly makes a decision to become the owner of a problem car. Research is key when deciding which web hosts are the best and most cost effective. Below is some information about three popular web hosts to help you determine what type of service best fits your needs.

With simple and hassle-free hosting, GoDaddy offers both economy and premium packages. Their .95 domains are some of the best prices one can find in the industry. Adding hosting to this domain drops the price to .95. It may be hard to find another good company who offers these prices.

Simplicity and user-friendliness are primary characteristics of GoDaddy’s services. From hassle-free control panels to straightforward hosting and domain management, you could obtain a Linux server with a new domain and have it up and running in less than 30 minutes. And if you have any problems or questions, satisfactory customer service is another benefit of using GoDaddy.

The only drawbacks to GoDaddy are its smaller size and potential security issues due to the shared servers, which can sometimes be problematic for larger traffic volume sites and sites utilizing cash transactions. And while the amount of space GoDaddy offers may not be as large as some, it is still enough to satisfy the needs of most online sites.

GoDaddy may work best for blogging websites, simple squeeze and landing pages, simple forums, and personal home pages, as well as other smaller-scale sites not requiring high security.


Offering some of the largest packages at the lowest prices, ixWebHosting is a very competitive service to consider. While its economy package looks a lot like GoDaddy’s, the ixWebHosting premium package at .95 per month brags features such as unlimited space and 3 TERA-BYTES—meaning 3000 BGs or 3 TRILLION bytes—of bandwidth.

Additionally, this premium package provides unlimited e-mails and SQL databases and five free domains all tied into this .95 price. There is so much offered in the package that some may question why a web site would even need all of these features and benefits. The reality is that most owners will not need all of this, but even if you need some of it, the price is nice.

Like GoDaddy, security is a concern for ixWebHosting services. However, the control panel is not as good as GoDaddy’s.

IxWebHosting’s premium service is a great option for the site owner who needs significant bandwidth and disk space or anticipates high traffic volume or downloading from the site.


If security and customer service are at the top on your list of needs from your web host, TVCNet may be one your best options. While the disk space and bandwidth may not be as impressive as some of the other web hosting choices, you will likely find you do not actually need all of the massive space offered by other providers. Instead of excessive and, often times, unnecessary space, TVCNet focuses in on top-notch secure and reliable hosting.

Not only will your questions be answered promptly by the TVCNet staff, but it is also possible to achieve a 100% hacker-safe site through using their web hosting service. This is an excellent choice for anyone who has or expects to build a small to medium sized site with full technical support and hacker-proof security.

Computer Programming Courses in New York City

Computer Programming Courses in New York City

Although New York City is more famous for its museums, parks, theaters and businesses, it is also a great location for schools offering computer programming courses. New York has always been pioneering in many ways and it offers plenty of opportunities for highly in-demand courses related to computer science. Here are some resources that can help you look for computer programming courses in New York City:

New York University
NYU is a recognized leader in the field of education and is acknowledged as one of the top universities in the U.S. It is an excellent institution for many fields of study in academia but it also has a solid curriculum offering courses in computer programming.

To find out about the type of courses the school offers, go to their website ( and look for their current course list. The link will bring you to their computer science department page. The course list will outline the courses offered for a particular semester so you will have an idea of which course to take.

Computer-Schools is a website that lists schools anywhere in the United States. The site lets you look for the physical locations of schools or if you prefer, you can search for schools offering online courses. The site lists a good number of computer programming schools you can check out. To look for courses, you can click on the links for more detailed information.

Education-Portal is another website that lists schools in New York offering courses in computer programming. You can click on the link to the schools to find more information about specific subjects and courses you might be interested in. The site also offers information about schools offering computer programming courses that lead to certification, perfect if you want to build a serious career in this field.

New York Institute of Technology
The NYIT in Old Westbury offers courses in computer programming. You can check out their site ( or send an e-mail to inquire about admissions requirements at

FutureKids is an excellent provider of courses in computer programming, especially for younger participants. Some of their offerings include C/C++, HTML, XHTML, Visual Basic and Computer Graphics, among others. If you want children to develop an early interest in a career involving computers, this is a good place to start.

Columbia University
Columbia University’s Department of Computer Science is an excellent source for information about computer programming courses. It also offers courses in related fields such as software engineering, networking and web development.

Berkeley College
Berkeley has a New York City campus which offers some excellent courses in computer programming. You can check out their site at or send them an e-mail at Other courses include web design, software engineering and networking.

NetCom Information Technology
NetCom Info has a wide range of choices for computer programming courses. It is currently recognized as a top training center in New York. It offers over 250 computer-related courses and about 40 certification programs. The center is a partner to several IT companies and has key relationships with many large corporations. It is also an authorized provider of training by companies such as Microsoft, IBM, Oracle, Linux and Novell, among others.

NetCom is one of the best places to obtain computer programming courses in New York City. If the type and quality of computer programming courses from this center does not attract you, its address will – it’s located at the 7th floor of the Empire State Building.

Understanding Operating Systems

Understanding Operating Systems

Every new computer that’s brought home from the store has an operating system installed onto it. But what most new computer users don’t realize, is that without an operating system, that computer would be a simple shell of possibilities. A powered computer lacking an operating system wouldn’t display anything more than a bunch of confusing text messages that describe the computer’s boot process. At the very end of this process, the computer looks for an operating system and if not found, it will prompt the user to tell it where it is.

Earlier computers didn’t have an operating system and if you have experience with the computers of the early eighties, you’ll remember that most to them didn’t even have a hard drive! These old computers booted an MS-DOS type operating system from drivers stored onto a floppy disk, and in order to use a program, users would remove the boot floppy and then insert a new floppy that contained the program. The floppy not only stored the program (word processor, spreadsheet, etc.), it also stored the drivers that the program needed to communicate with the computer’s hardware. As you can imagine, the cumbersome process of switching from floppy to floppy prompted the birth of the operating system.

An operating system is a software program that controls how the computer’s hardware (and installed software) works. It manages the activity of every component and then displays that activity as a user-friendly interface (GUI). It keeps track of where things exist on a computer’s hard drive as well. But perhaps most importantly for the end-user, the operating system is responsible for translating commands issued with a keyboard and mouse into binary code (010110101 stuff) that can communicate with a set of speakers, a printer, a scanner, and more.

With an operating system installed onto a computer’s hard drive, users no longer need to boot a computer with a floppy disk, nor do they need to run programs from a floppy disk. All the drivers of a program are stored onto the computer and used whenever a program is started.

Apple’s Macintosh computer was among the first of a couple systems to establish a user-to-hardware relationship through a user-friendly interface. Today, we have quite a few operating systems. Some of the more popular ones are Windows Vista, Mac OS X, ZETA, IBM, Unix, and Linux. But even still, operating systems have extended onto to non-computer devices such as game consoles, portable music players, and PDAs. Regardless of the device, the operating system installed onto it serves the same purpose across the board: to enable user-to-hardware communication.

When you think about upgrading your computer to a new operating system, be careful to make sure that you have the necessary hardware components. We tried to upgrade one of our Windows 98 machines to Windows XP, but we were cautioned that the former may not be hardware compatible with XP technology. Apparently, the Windows XP operating system requires components that weren’t developed at the time Windows 98 was distributed and if we were to install Windows XP on this machine anyway, the new operating system would look for hardware that the computer didn’t have. And that would be an instant recipe for failure.

Also be careful about installing operating systems that are incompatible with existing hardware. The hardware of Macintosh computers is extremely different from the hardware of Windows computers and under no circumstances will a Windows operating system work on a Macintosh machine!


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Photoshop: Changing The Way We Make And See Images

Photoshop: Changing The Way We Make And See Images

Photoshop has become the standard of the industry when it comes to graphics and digital image editing. When we speak of power, versatility and innovation, very few programs can hold a candle to what Photoshop is capable of doing. Its commands and tools are so easy to learn that even beginners can use this program without the benefit of a formal class.

Photoshop (also known as Adobe Photoshop) was created by Adobe Systems and was intended at first for image editing for paper printing. It wasn’t too long before it was used to create and edit images to use for websites.

The best thing about Photoshop is not only the integrated tools and devices you can use to tweak images and create your own, but because of the flawless interaction of its commands and tools. Given one image, you can do virtually anything you want with the confidence that Photoshop tools will follow your command and produce an edited picture the way you want it to appear.

When it comes to exporting its images, Photoshop allows seamless program shifts among other Adobe software used in image editing, authoring and animation such as Adobe Illustrator, ImageReady and After Effects. Photoshop files (.PSD or Photoshop document format) may be manipulated to produce special effects such as adding textures and changing backgrounds. Non-linear editing is also a breeze.

Another advantage of Photoshop is that it can work with several color models such as RGB, CMYK, Lab, Bitmap, Duotone and Grayscale. This allows any user a lot of flexibility in terms of image editing, giving him the power to play with every type of photo image there is.

The newest version of Photoshop is v. 10, also known as CS3. It’s integrated with Adobe Creative Suite, hence the ‘CS’. The most popular, though is the CS2 which was made available in 2005. It has successfully integrated new tools and former plugins like color replacement, warping and multiple-layer select.

How it has changed the industry
When it comes to image post-production, Photoshop has given professionals and amateurs a magic wand with which to alter and improve images. Since the advent of digital photography in the 90s, Photoshop has been the standard with which photographers improve finished photo quality.

Photoshop is also changing the art scene, allowing artists to create original pieces or artwork using program tools. Photoshop artwork has appeared in books, comic books, architecture designs and more notably, in special-effect films.

Photoshop has become so popular that the word ‘photoshopping’ has already ingrained itself in our vocabulary. Photoshopping has actually made careers, fed media frenzy, made paparazzis happy and changed the way we see things, often literally. In pop culture, Photoshop in becomingly increasingly prevalent, appearing in almost every other photo for image-hungry consumers to devour. The irony is, Photoshop is so popular that images have to appear that they haven’t undergone tweaking in order to be declared as Photoshop-perfect.

Cracking the Photoshop Easter eggs
As with some of the most popular software, Photoshop comes with a few Easter eggs, hidden gems of humor and help tips that can be accessed with a few strokes of the keyboard. The first ones came with Photoshop v. 2.5 and subsequent Easter eggs have appeared with every version that came along. The latest Easter eggs are with the CS2 (the Adobe SpaceMonkey) and CS3 (the Adobe Red Pill).

Photoshop may be used by Microsoft Windows, Mac OS and Mac OS X. Linux users can use Photoshop v. 9 and lower.

PHP Development Is Becoming Increasingly Popular

PHP Development Is Becoming Increasingly Popular

PHP simply refers to Hypertext Preprocessor and is becoming quite popular due to the wide nature of functions that it can be used for. Also, PHP development is relatively simple for newcomers to learn the basics. As well, more advanced programmers are also using PHP development because there is almost no limit to what can be done when it is used properly.

PHP can be used on most operating systems, which makes it quite versatile. Whether you use Microsoft Windows, Linux, MAC OS X or a wide variety of other OS’s. PHP also allows you to choose an operating system and web browser that you are most comfortable with. One of the great features of PHP development is that it allows support for almost any kind of database that you could think of.

PHP development is basically referring to an open source scripting language. It’s most common uses are for web development and it can also be imbedded into HTML. Since it is such a versatile form of script writing, it can be used by the beginning programmers as well as the more advanced ones. In only a few hours, you can learn the basics of PHP development so that you can begin to use PHP to your advantage. Also, if you are an experienced programmer, you can utilize some of the more advanced features of PHP in order to capitalize on your potential.

Web development is becoming a more prosperous industry lately. Since the Interet and the computer wave in general is becoming quite lucrative, web development is becoming a booming industry in which everyone wants to be a part. However, it is also a very competitive industry since there are many professionals that are quite adept at programming. Therefore, learning proper PHP development strategies is beneficial. If you already have prior knowledge of computer language and coding, PHP should come as a second nature to you. The fact that is can be used in its most primal forms for basic programming as well as incredibly advanced programming only ads to its possible potential for programmers.

In order to become a succesful web developper, you will need to familiarize yourself with all of the different aspects of computer programming langage. Since this industry is booming more than almost any other industry right now, there are always new languages to learn and new programming developments to enquire about. Although PHP development isn’t all that new, it is quickly becoming the preferred method among many of the high ranking computer programmers. The amount of versatitily that this language gives you combined with its relatively easy learning curve make it a very desirable language to learn.

Web development is not something that just anyone should jump into. It takes a certain amount of knowledge and skill to be able to properly negotiate the different codes that are used. However, if you are already quite familiar with language code, then you will not have any trouble at all using PHP development to better your skills as well as improving your output.
Being a web developer is a very complex industry. There is always new things to learn on an almost daily basis so you always have to be on the top of your game. The world of PHP development is ever changing and will continue to flourish, so it is advisable to keep up to date with the new capabilities of this type of programming. PHP development is one of the most effective and simple to use programming devices available today.

Search Engine Optimization-Hoaxes

Search Engine Optimization-Hoaxes

Google believes in having a good time. They especially believe in having a good time on April Fools Day. How does a company who runs a search engine celebrate April Fool’s Day? They set up search engine hoaxes. April Fool’s Day hoaxes are fast becoming a Google tradition.

On April 1, 2000, Google announced its brand new form of search technology, a technology they cheerfully named MentalPlex. How did MentalPlex work? Brainwaves, all the searcher had to do was think about what they wanted to search for, this eliminated the need for typing, effectively eliminating the issue of spelling errors.

In 2002, Google openly discussed the genius behind its PageRank system. The secret? Pigeons or rather PigeonRank. Google was very proud of the way they had created a more efficient and cost effective way to rank pages. They were quick to explain that no pigeons were cruelly treated.

April 2004 offered Google employees the opportunity to work at the Google Lunar/Copernicus Center…on the moon. This April Fool’s Day prank made several tongue-in-cheek references to WindowXP’s visual style. They named the operating system Luna/X paying homage to Linux.

Google broke into the beverage industry in 2005 with their Google Gulp. People who drank Google Gulp would be able to get the most out of their Google search engines because they would be increasing their intelligence with every swallow. Google Gulp worked through a series of algorithms that used a real time analysis of the drinkers DNA and made precise adjustments to the brains neurotransmitters. Google Gulp came in a variety of flavors including Google Grape (glutamatic acid), Sero-Tonic Water (serotonin), Sugar-Free Radical (free radicals), and Beta Carroty (beta carotene).

2006 was a time for romance. Google created Google Romance. Google’s catch phrase, which appeared on the main search page was, “Dating is a search problem. Solve it with Google Romance.” Google users were invited to use Soul mate Search which would send them on a Contextual Date. Google invited people to “post multiple profiles with a bulk upload.”

Google has also taken advantage of April Fool’s Day to announce very real changes in the company. The reason they make real offers to consumers on April Fool’s Day is so that the consumers will think that it’s a hoax, joke about it, and then be pleasantly surprised when they find out that its real. Google announced the launch of Gmail, e-mail that was free to the consumer and provided one entire gigabyte of storage (that amount of storage for free was unheard of at the time), on March 31, 2004 (most consumers found out about it on the morning of the first). Exactly one year later they announce that they were increasing the one gigabyte of storage to two gigabytes.

Google’s map of the moon was added to Google maps on July 20, 2005. The map of the moon was semi-real, it did show NASA images of a very small section of the moon, but zooming in on the tiny section presented viewers with a photograph of Swiss cheese. There was also the location of all moon landings on the map. The map was Google’s way of celebrating the thirty-sixth anniversary of the first man on the moon but many consumers assumed that it was an extension on the Google Copernicus hoax. Google claims, through something called Google Moon, that in the 2069, Google Local will support all lunar businesses and addresses.

Things To Look For When Choosing The Right Web Hosting Provider

Things To Look For When Choosing The Right Web Hosting Provider

There are a number of different web hosting providers who all are assuring the same web hosting packages. So one may wonder how to find the right web hosting provider that will suit you and your needs. Before one can even begin the search of the right web hosting, you will need to do a few things beforehand.

Before beginning your search for the proper web hosting provider you will want to make sure that all the technical features are correct and compatible. Say you want to set up a website that uses programming environments such as Active Server Pages, Visual Basic scripts, Cold Fusion or Microsoft Access or Microsoft SQL database, then you will need to search for a web hosting service that supports Windows platform. In addition, for programming languages such as Perl, CGI, SSI, PHP or mySQL database, then virtually any web hosting plans that support the Unix/Linux platform should be useful. After attaining the right information and having these types of requirements in mind one can decide on the best web hosting plan for their needs.

The next technical requirement involves disk space and bandwidth requirements. Keep in mind however, disk space requirements may not be that big of a deal if you want to publish your website with a little amount of content. Generally about 200 MB to 500MB of disk space will be adequate enough to sustain your hosting requirements. On the other hand, for those who want to host a website with alot of pictures, mp3 or video files, a web hosting providing huge disk space like 500 MB to 100 MB is going to be critical. As for bandwidth requirements, traffic estimation plays a big role in this. A website that garners high traffic will tend to consume monthly bandwidth allowance very fast. In cases like this, a web hosting service that offers huge bandwidth capabilities with about 40 to100 GB per month is probably going to be needed.

There are a number of ways to know if you have chosen a good web hosting provider. For example, if the web hosting provider offers a reliable server uptime and a fast internet connection, then this usually means you made the proper choice. When selecting an appropriate provider you want to look for a web hosting service that guarantees ninety nine percent server uptime. A trustworthy hosting provider will invest on high performance servers, high speed multiple backbone providers with fail-over redundancy, backup power generators and firewall software protection. This will then ensure the fulfillment of the uptime guarantee specified in the terms and conditions.

Finally, maybe one of the most important things you will want to research is customer service and support. You will want to find a web hosting provider who provides twenty four hour a day, seven days a week technical support with experienced technicians. This will then ensure a timely resolution to any problem you may be having. An easy way to check for this is by sending an email and waiting to see how long it takes to get a response. Generally if a response comes within twenty four hours, then you can consider this as indication of acceptance. If no response comes then take this as a sign of poor customer service. These are a few things you will want to look for while in the process of searching for the right web hosting provider. Take into consideration all factors before making any decision.

Pocket PC: An Informative Overview

Pocket PC: An Informative Overview

With the world’s technological advances, a lot of problems are given appropriate solutions. Information is widely needed therefore, information granted. The fad of getting into the waves of gaining power to achieve minute by minute communication and information combined. A computer is just the tool for that but for the inventors of Pocket PC, a computer is not enough to always be online, there is a need for portability.

Pocket PC Defined

A PPC or Pocket PC is a kind of hardware specification that is made like a handheld-sized personal computer. It is a computer’s scaled down version that can be used in offices and in homes. With its size, people can mistake it as a small diary or an ordinary mobile phone.
Although, PPCs have almost all the commands and applications your local personal computer can have. PPCs have the capability to run software applications that is most likely to be sophisticated. Usually, a Pocket PC weighs for just about 110-170 grams or around 4-6 ounces which can be a perfect fit for your pocket.

Aside from the permanent Microsoft operating system, Pocket PCs can have the ability to run other alternatives like Linux, NetBSD, Android and other forms. Currently, more than a thousand applications are adhered by the Pocket PC, most of which are known as freeware. Pocket PCs compliant to Microsoft can also be used together with numerous add-ons like barcode and RFID readers, cameras, and GPS receivers.

Brief History

Pocket PC is the evolution of computers which are considered as calculator sized. Calculators that are keystroke-programmable and can do scientific applications and simple businesses that became available during the 1970s. It was during the 1990s when the origination of an earlier version of PPC was formed. This device was small and handheld that had organizer facilities and is known as Palm Pilot. When 2000 came in, Microsoft introduced a more sophisticated pocket-sized version of the Windows operating system.

What’s in a Pocket PC?

Sophistication of commands made possible at the palm of your hands – this is what PPC is all about. It functions as an extension of your desktop PC where you can use Microsoft software applications even if you’re far away from your home PC. It’s accessibility ranges from all updates of data that may include appointments and emails. Pocket PCs are very much available. You can purchase it in different designs and features with various memory sizes. Upgrades like increasing the memory size are possible with the purchase of add-on memory cards.

With regards to the lives of batteries, it can last for 4 – 8 hours or even more. When the battery is down, charging can be easily done. Sizes of screens also differ depending on the preference of the person purchasing the PPC. The normal variety of PPC screen sizes ranges from nine to ten centimeters if measured diagonally. Majority of PPCs are touch screens.

The ability to connect via the Internet is also possible through Bluetooth or WiFi that gives you the opportunity to browse in web pages to compose, send or read emails no matter where you are.

With the Pocket PC at hand, you can go anywhere you want and still be able to communicate, do work or simply do whatever it is you have to do. Conducting business matters can be made possible even if you’re still on your way to work or is stuck in heavy traffic.

Kanosis is Going to Lead the Home Based Businesses Online

Kanosis is Going to Lead the Home Based Businesses Online

Kanosis is going to be the next big thing and a revolution on the internet. It combines the power of Google, Yahoo, MySpace and Skype. Powered by state of the art Java based software, COIL, it brings you a versatile range applications and seamless services that connect global community members in a secure internet environment. At one place it gives you an opportunity to communicate, share, transact and do internet based home businesses irrespective of your skills.

COIL integrates web mail, video mail, instant messaging, multimedia, calendar functions, and basic business applications. Its most notable feature is that you can upload your entire hard drive to a secure server. Essentially, it makes your own computer, accessible anywhere in the world.

The world is a giant network of networks kanosis powers you to take hold the wonders of this giant network. It welcomes everyone, irrespective of age
, sex, religion and race to be interconnected in a secure global platform. To become one global community. It brings together your most commonly used communication tools, internet applications, and software functions in one simple interface.

The Coil internet operating system runs on top of any desktop OS — Windows, Linux, or Mac — and connects you into a secure and private environment… so you can enjoy the freedom of operating your own world.

Kanosis is going to be the next big thing and a revolution on the internet. It combines the power of Google, Yahoo, MySpace and Skype. Powered by state of the art Java based software, COIL, it brings you a versatile range applications and seamless services that connect global community members in a secure internet environment. At one place it gives you an opportunity to communicate, share, transact and do internet based home businesses irrespective of your skills.

COIL has been under development over the past 6 years. So, it has become as much human as it is technological. It is easy to use and gives a rewarding experience.
The Kanosis marketing model is a hybrid of recent Internet success stories such as Google, Skype and My Space and the 55-year-old network marketing industry.

Today, the world is moving very fast. You are always at rush. You have a business to run, clients to interact and deadlines to meet! And you need full-proof security and fast access to information. Kanosis addresses all these requirements. Kanosis allows you to play hard, work easy and outperform in your online home based business.
It is really a big deal for a little price.

Kanosis has enhanced the viral marketing techniques like never before to overcome the traditional inhibitors to success by:
1.Providing you with all the sales tools including your own website and a state-of-the-art promotional Flash movie optimized to do all the selling for you.
2.Minimizing your time involvement and using the full potentials of the internet as your marketing medium.
3.Being affordable, price is just a few dollars.
4.Providing powerful software at a great value.

Not just hypes here is the list of applications you get with COIL.

Email Address
Personal Web Space and Web Site
Multi-Media Mail
VOIP Telephony
Email Manager
Auto-Updating Contacts
Workspace Collaboration
Avatar Mail
Relevance Filters
Contact Histories
Import from Outlook

Kanosis is not one like so many home business hypes. Here at last, is a real opportunity, a real product with promising benefits.

You Can Submit Your Pictures to a Magazine Publishing

You Can Submit Your Pictures to a Magazine Publishing

Most magazine Publishing companies have their own photographers. But since these individuals cannot always be there to take that perfect shot, it gets the services of freelance photographers. Can you submit your own pictures? The answer is yes as long as you follow certain guidelines.

First, you cannot submit photographs that have already been printed. This is because before it is sent to the printers, their digital team will clean up the picture. The best thing to do will be to send your images in a CD-Rom.

Pictures that are submitted must be in the correct pixel size and resolution. This will enable the magazine publication to see your images regardless of the operating system they use. You have to remember that although a lot of people use Microsoft Windows, some companies have shifted to Linux while others use Apple’s Mac.

If the pictures you took are for example 72dpi and what they want should be in 300dpi, invest in software that can do the job.

Images can be saved in different formats. The three most common are jpg, gif and png. The one that is compatible regardless of the operating system used is the JPG format.

Whenever you submit images, make sure to include your name, address and synopsis of the contents of the CD. A simple way of doing this is with Photoshop. You simply go to file, automate and then lastly go to contact sheet. Once there, find the folders where your images are, pick the paper size and the number of images on each sheet of paper.

Keep in mind that someone will be reviewing your work so don’t make these very small because this is a huge turnoff. Also, stick a DO NOT LABEL sign on the envelope as the CD you will be sending could get damaged during transit.

If you want to get the CD back after submitting it to the magazine publication, make sure to enclose the return postage otherwise, this will already become their property.

Should there be a date and time on each photograph, turn it off because those who will be viewing it do not have the time to do that.

For any other concerns you may have regarding the guidelines in submitting photographs, shoot them an email or give them a call.

Aside from following the guidelines, there are a few things you should never do when submitting images. You must never email huge unsolicited images. If the magazine publication is asking for images concerning a certain topic, only send those that are relevant.

If you think it will be smarter to send the memory card from your camera, don’t because you have to submit this to them in the format that they require. In most cases, in a CD-Rom. To ensure the quality of the images sent, don’t use a cheap CD.

There is a limit to how many images can be stored in a CD-Rom. In order to maximize it, only send the best ones to the magazine publication. When these are being sent, do not use 3rd party software as this may not be compatible with what they are using.

Submitting your own pictures to a magazine Publishing could be your stepping stone in landing a full time job working for them. So if you have something to share, try it out and see what happens next.

Why the Need to Remove Adware and Spyware

Why the Need to Remove Adware and Spyware

Spyware and adware removal nowadays is just a matter of choosing a well equipped anti-spyware program or utility. You install the software into your system and will scan and delete or quarantine spyware and adware programs that were secretly installed in your computer.

The proliferation of spyware and adware programs in the internet has lead an established and highly developed anti-spyware industry. As long as disgruntled internet users abound, the anti-spyware companies will continue to create utilities that will combat the onslaught of spyware and adware on your computers.

Basically a spyware program infects the computer through whatever files a user downloads from the internet. Adware and spyware attaches themselves on these files and can rapidly spread throughout the computer’s operating system. The sypware will commonly records information like IP addresses, credit card numbers, lists websites you visit and so on.

But as the spyware infects and spreads your computer, it installs components which affect the overall performance of the computer. They can also cause a degradation of the system resulting to unwanted CPU activity, inappropriate disk usage, and problems with network traffic. All these will cause your computer to low down. It will eventually become unstable and will cause software crashes and will sometimes prevent you from connecting to your networks and to the internet.

Some spyware programs are quite obvious but others are more covert, operating undetected by the user. When problems occur in the computer’s operating system, because these spywares are undetectable by ordinary means, users tend to believe that the problems were brought about by problems in the hardware or by a computer virus. But all the while, a spyware program is the one causing the ruckus.

More often not, a computer will be infected with more than one spyware program and have various components installed. Recent studies indicate that when one finds a spyware program installed in his computer, chances are dozens of the components of that spyware is installed all over the computer’s system.

And as the number of spyware programs and its components increase, users will encounter problems like computer slowing its functions to a crawl. Other spyware programs are more notorious. Some spyware will disable the computer’s firewall system or anti-virus software thus making the computer more vulnerable to spyware, adware and other infectious attacks.

Microsoft Windows platform users are more susceptible from these spyware and adware attacks. Probably because of the popularity of Windows which makes them an attractive and profitable target for spyware agents. Likewise, because of the tight knit Internet Explorer and Windows enjoy, IE users will most likely get an infection from spyware and adware than users of other internet browsers like FireFox.

Meanwhile other computer users are changing to Linux or Apple Macintosh platforms which appear to be less attractive to spyware and adware agents. These two platforms works on Unix underpinnings which restricts access to the operating system unlike with Windows.

It is quite unfortunate and rather irritating that spyware and adware programs grew and developed in the World Wide Web. But we cannot do anything about it now. What we can do is protect ourselves from their attacks by being cautious and by conducting regular spyware scanning and removals as well as performing regular updating of anti-virus and anti-spyware software to ensure that our computers are free from the annoying and damaging spyware.

Cheapest Web Hosting Services from UK’s Best Web Hut Company

Cheapest Web Hosting Services from UK’s Best Web Hut Company

Today Online Presence is not enough to break the door of Internet Marketing and dominate over your competitors. Humans appetizing are increasing day by day to earn more with cost effective investment whether talk about a simple Web hosting Services, Web host Reseller, Cheap Web hosting. And it hardly to find a reliable, Low Cost or Cheapest Web hosting Services when thousands of web hosting companies are in row and competition is very tough. Your daunting mission ends here as you are a right place for your website hosting services which is low cost website hosting with remarkable results. The Web hut Of UK comes to your hut with all solution of not only Web hosting services uk but cheapest web hosting services providing their services not in UK but worldwide. The Web Hut of UK, Cheap Reseller hosting companies also offer a wide variety range Reseller hosting accounting services, low cost website hosting.

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The Need For Computer Programming Language Evolution

The Need For Computer Programming Language Evolution

The digital world constantly changes. New technologies are introduced and new developments in the industry are being made known to the public. There will always be changes in technology. And technology will constantly improve to help create a better world.

And one of the primary movers of technology and the digital world is a computer programming language. This is the language spoken and understood by the computer. The computer language is machine language. Basically, what the computer can understand and process are just a bunch of one’s and zero’s. It is really upon the expertise of the programmer to create special software that could be understood by the computer and the human user.

Computer programming software follows a certain language that computers follow. Examples of these languages are the Assembly language, C++, FoxPro, Visual Basic, Visual FoxPro and several others. These types of software can mediate between the computer and the programmer. All the programmer has to do is to input the commands he would like the computer to do. He’ll write the commands in the syntax that the computer programming language understands. The commands are then processed and converted into the machine language the computer processor understands. This is how the many applications and programs downloadable from the internet are created.

Different computer programming languages can provide different levels of functionality. Some software can give crisp graphical images. These programming languages are usually used in making games. Games are really what make computers half popular. And this is all because of the computer programming language created for making games that people from all over the world love. Games are complex individual programs that are interlinked together by the main game application.

Aside from computer games, programming languages allows for the development of functional software such as word processing programs, database programs, web-based applications, and several others. The software is made possible with the creation of the programming languages that are most fitting to the design and interface of the program being created. There are many times that a single application can be created multiple language platforms.

But then again, all of these programs won’t be possible without the creation of an operating system. The operating system is the software by which a computer system runs. Popular examples of such software are the Windows platform, Linux, Unix, and Mac OS. There are a lot of old operating systems being used before and the most popular of which is DOS. The operating system serves as a good median for the computer and the processor’s language. Its main job is to translate every single program created for the operating system and allow the machine to process them accordingly, so that people can run and use the program.

The evolution of computer programming languages is required in this ever-changing world. It is mandatory that they have to keep up with the demands of the current times. Before, computers are used against a black, monochrome background. Right now, computers uses images, colors, and interactive icons. The contrast is very striking that you can just imagine what would happened if there were no evolution that happened.

The introduction of new computer programming languages should be a welcome addition to the growing group of computer languages. The new features and abilities these can be used widely in different applications are in currently in demand.

Four “Must Use” Secrets to Dominate the Market

Four “Must Use” Secrets to Dominate the Market

Every business man and woman has a company in mind that symbolizes successful business to them. For me, it’s Microsoft and Bill Gates. I know that not everyone likes Microsoft, but hey… I remember the virtual Stone Age that ruled in the world before Windows!

Microsoft has literally impacted the entire world’s lifestyles and economies. That spells S-U-C-C-E-S-S to me. Maybe that’s why I was so shocked to find out that this “Super Company” was losing money on one of its newest and high-demand products.

The very idea had me scratching my head. Microsoft and profit losses go together about like boxing gloves and fine china. When I think of the computer giant, I automatically associate it with big bucks and success. It caught me by surprise to find out that the Xbox 360 has cost Microsoft millions of dollars!

Why would this globally recognized business be willing to lose millions of dollars on just one product? It’s a simple idea known as market dominance, and they’re interested in being king in a brand new market of video game consoles.

Market dominance works like a word association game. For example, I say department store. What pops into your mind? There’s a pretty good chance it was Wal Mart. If I say computer, you’re likely to think Microsoft – unless you’re a hard-core Macintosh or Linux fan.

The goal to market dominance is to have your business name pop into the minds of your potential customers in direct association with the product or service that you offer. Now, don’t sweat it. You don’t have to sink millions of dollars into a profit losing product to do it.

It really can be as simples as these four easy steps…

1. NEVER allow a customer to leave without getting contact information.
Capturing contact information is crucial whether your business is online or offline. It can be as simples as a questionnaire on your counter or a pop-up box on your web page. Do whatever it takes to get the information you need to stay in contact with them.
2. Use Direct Mail
I’d suggest using flyers and post cards about 18 times each year to keep your potential customers linked. After a while, they’ll become familiar with your business and know your logo and message by heart. After all, the kids don’t even write home from college that often!
3. Use the Telephone
As the popularity of telemarketers hits an all-time low, businesses tend to shy away from using it. Don’t forget that it is still a valuable tool that can keep you hooked up with potential consumers.
4. Email
If you haven’t invested in an email campaign this would be a good time to start. Email is a great way to effectively build a solid bond with your audience. Ezines, or online newsletters, are perfect for setting yourself up as the expert in the field. If you feed your consumers a weekly tidbit of valuable information, they’ll soon come expect excellence in association with your business.

Gaining market dominance can be as simple as keeping in constant touch in a variety of ways with potential consumers, but one of the most profitable investments you’ll ever make.

Data Recovery-Datenrettung & Securing Data On Computers

Data Recovery/Datenrettung & Securing Data On Computers

Data recovery or Datenrettung is the process by which the data is recovered from damaged or inaccessible storage media. Data recovery is done from storage media like CD´s, DVD´s, Floppies, Hard disks, Magnetic tapes etc. There are two reasons due to which the data becomes inaccessible. They are logical damage and physical damage to the storage media.

Physical damage to storage media can occur in many ways. Magnetic tapes can break, get crumpled or dirt may settle on the tapes. CD´s and DVD´s can have scratches or the metallic layer may get damaged. Magnetic heads in hard disks can crash or motors may fail. The floppy is notorious for failing frequently due to bending, overheating, cold, dust etc.

There are other reasons like fires, electrical surges etc that can cause data to become inaccessible or lost. There are many methods by which data can be recovered from magnetic media or optical media. The methods most commonly used are Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM), Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM), Magnetic Force Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) etc.

In these methods a sharp magnetic tip is placed closed to the surface to be analyzed. It interacts with the stray magnetic field. An image of the data is generated and then repairs are carried out on logical damage and thus the data is recovered. Many companies carry out data recovery.

Logical damage is the damage to the file system. It is not physical but a software problem and also tells us that we need to be cautious and have a quality system for data recovery, datenrettung. It generally occurs due to power cuts, system crashes etc preventing file system structures from being written resulting in file system being left in an inconsistent state.

Logical damage is more common than physical damage. This may cause strange behavior like infinitely recurring file directories, loss of data, system crashes, hard disks reporting negative space etc. The end result is that the operating system cannot mount the file system.

Most operating systems come with repair facilities like, Linux has fcsk utility, Mac has disk utility and Windows has chkdisk facility. There are other specialized programs available which have better repair facilities than the operating systems.

There are also other systems called journaling file systems like NTFS, EFS (used in Windows XP), ext3 and xfs which can be reverted back to their earlier consistent state. These file systems reduce the amount of data loss.

Data back up is the best way to prevent loss of data and it´s the most common system for data recovery, datenrettung. The simplest method is to keep data on drives on which the operating system is not loaded. The other method is to write data on magnetic tapes, CD’s or DVD´s or have online backup.

Backups are very important for databases. Data backup is of 3 types. Full backup means backing up all data. Incremental backup means backing up of only the files that have changed. Differential backup is a mixture of these two. There is another method called continuous data protection in which when data is written to a disk, it is also written to another computer in a network.

Most private persons with a computer do nothing in advance, they just use their computers. Too late, when an incident has happened they learn about data recovery or datenrettung.

Mozilla Firefox Overview of A Decade

Mozilla Firefox Overview of A Decade

Without a doubt Mozilla Firefox is the most favorite browser in the world at this moment, but this was not always the case, there were times when there were not a lot of options in terms of web browsers and the choices were limited to Netscape navigator and Internet explorer but that has all changed in the last decade with Mozilla gaining quick ground and fast becoming the most user-friendly and technically advanced web browser.

Not many realize but on 31st march 2008 Mozilla completed its 10th anniversary, 31/3/1998 the date of official release of Mozilla, on this date the first code of Mozilla became available as an open source to general public, 10 years ago this was a huge step, when most of the corporate giants were looking for monopolizing the market with their products, here was a new organization that one day hoped to make it big with their open source code product.
It was not that this was the first such idea to come about, there were success stories of Linux and BSD OS to count on and that was perhaps the inspiration for Mozilla Firefox.
What’s so great about Mozilla is that it granted an open license, so that people could use or modify the code as required to create something new, this at the very inception was thought to be a suicidal step but in hindsight perhaps it turned out to be the biggest plus point of this browser.
Many inputs and modifications were made to the original code to achieve what we know of Mozilla today, what started out as an idea 10 years ago, has shown the world the power of small ideas and how everything great is just an idea at its very inception.
During its first decade Mozilla not only broke many notions like an open source cannot work, or doubts on quality of an open source product versus a closed source code product kept under legal wraps, limited popularity of something developed using such a code. It has today become the choice of over 170 million netizens laying to death any doubts and apprehensions that were associated with open source products, It is the biggest most comprehensive and technologically advanced project that’s open source.
It has time and again set in newer standards in the technology of web browsers be it proxy settings or tabbed browsing etc to name a few.
It has set the standards for what a web browser should have, and how to make it more user friendly, in terms of customization of looks or integrated search box, what Mozilla Firefox has done today the so called major corporations have followed tomorrow. Mozilla has been more secure than its nearest rival, not to mention the various plug-ins and other enhancements that have been developed by coders and programmers to make Mozilla the most customizable web browser ever, and all this has become possible because of its open source license!
Incase you still do not have Mozilla Firefox I strongly suggest you download Firefox right now it will make a world of difference to your browsing experience.
Mozilla has always been about transparency and it has always stood by people coaxing them to think and visualize big for visions do come true.

How To Make Sure That Your Pc Is Protected Against Attacks

How To Make Sure That Your Pc Is Protected Against Attacks

When you go on the internet, you have to give certain bits of information to be authenticated by the protocols that make the web work; this makes it possible to advertise who you are, where you’re connecting from, and if you’re not careful, a lot more. Among the information that’s handed out freely is your IP (Internet Protocol) address, generally in the form of four sets of numbers separated by periods, the country your ISP is located in, often times the origination of your TCPIP stack, which tells someone if you’re on a Mac, PC or Linux box, your browser type used, and, because of browser caching for speedy access to previously hit sites, your browser history.

If your computer doesn’t have certain functions turned off, it can be even worse. For example, unblocking the port of Windows Messenger (not to be confused with MSN messenger) will get your computer spammed with a thousand little gray boxes that all need to be turned off. Some computers and their TCP/IP stacks support finger and ident, which can reveal your personal information online. Even innocuous web sites that ask you for registration information can have that information intercepted and passed around.

If you’re concerned about handing out your personal information on the web, be aware that there are ways to surf the web anonymously. This cuts the trail of breadcrumbs and bits that lead potential identity thieves back to you. The first way to do this is to route through an anonymous proxy server; this replaces its IP address for yours, making it harder to track your IP address – and with hiding your IP address, a lot of the foundation for needless information exchange gets removed.

The primary vendors in anonymous proxy servers are for-pay services; these offer a wider and mostly secure range of products. Most also have a free version for people to try the benefits out; this has a number of benefits to you – you get to see what a difference it makes – and for them, because they can tell you about the benefits you’d accrue with the paid service. The top vendors are ShadowSurf and Guardster. For both of them, you log in, and enter the URL (web address) you want to go to. Given how internet search engines are willing to sell your search data to federal agencies, and police organizations – even foreign governments – it’s better to be prepared than to rely on the anonymity of the herd. In this vein there is another service called Anonymizer, which is designed specifically to help internet users bypass government mandated censorship and filtering.

An anonymous proxy server won’t fully protect you against viruses and malware; it will make it harder for you to get them by browsing the web, and a lot of what they do can also be done by adjusting your router settings and the Network Abstraction Layer. If you’re concerned about people knowing what you browse, though, an anonymous proxy server is a definite must. You must also make sure that the proxy server is really an anonymous proxy server. Use proxy servers from countries with high regulatory standards.

All About 2007 New Web Hosting

All About 2007 New Web Hosting

Shared hosting is the contemplation guess for the application websites which is over in godsend by the majority of dwarf online businesses. It is purely versed with fool’s paradise and time-to-time evolvement nicety in the calling of E-Commerce. It is a safety view to bread for hosting your website to magnify your business. Generally superlatively of the lacework hosting companies associated with mutual hosting ,in conjuncture where you occasion cush the zap ball-buster advance and bandwidth residency with crowded contrasting online vigor websites funk yours. So your website is not the special one on the server you have preferred. Obviously surpassingly few minute online businesses requires the stale language of rabid server though it is exceptionally expensive.

If you are searching around for a top netting hosting service, doubtlessly you have to congregate common mesh hosting which provides assist including channels administration apropos its returned wrinkle directive as it is used by alive with offbeat trifling online businessmen. This besides comprises worth points for users. Shared netting hosting normally uses a web-based govern panel system, parallel as C-Panel, Plesk, Helm, H-Sphere, Ensim, Sphera are some of the manage panel products. But incomparably of the companies provides a few divergent types of common interlacing hosting services. So bring about cold how conspicuously disk go at you devotion to have? What’s the rate you can practical to greenback for that? According to that you dominance the mutual lattice hosting assistance which entrust help you a sophisticated structure in your business.

In shared interlacing hosting, the backing provider is normally in rape of managing the servers, installing server’s software, pipe dream updating and unrelated uniform aspects of the net hosting service. While the servers are based on the Linux operating systems as the operate panel merchandise are made out of it. But still, some net hand providers offers Microsoft Windows based controls. More seeing you have to notice the three types of interlacing hosting services that a interlacing hosting server provides, they are returned netting hosting, creaming to server hosting and virtual emblematic server hosting.

A common net hosting is a shareable server in which motley customers utilizes the interlacing owner but a solitary field propose is provided to each and every customer. This mutual interlacing hosting helping hand is divine for the teeny response clients who are increased to this net hosting and launches website for the finest time.

Shared net hosting can and be privatized by sharing the market price of operating a server in a colocation kernel as a interlacing hosting obvious as favorable hosting. It can be done in two methods, may be name-based or IP-based. If you move a returned netting hosting service, and if you ardor to loiter the consistent web lessor permanently for your website’s lifetime. Then choicest for a net owner server which offers either a virtual original server or a dedicated server hosting service. The lacework boost provider manages website traffics successfully and path to the mediocre functions of the hotelier efficiently. By this way, you can enter on the district to set out to be tops and cinch sky-high traffics for your interlacing site.

Computer Repair Is A Tricky Business

Computer Repair Is A Tricky Business

Computer is a combination of analog and digital device which is used to compute complex mathematical problems. It is basically a programmable electronic device which performs high speed mathematical and logical operations. The main function of computer is to perform repetitive procedures very quickly and reliably.

The computer can be broadly divided in two sections; one is hardware and the other is software. The hardware is made of electronic circuits and components while the software is the programs required to run the central processing unit or the CPU. Again the hardware is of four type i.e. CPU, input, output and memory device. Now a days looking at the vast uses of computer people are using computer at their offices and at homes for working as well as entertainment purposes.

As we all know that each and every electronic goods need repairing and computer is not excluded from that list. Whenever there is any troubleshoot in this whole procedure the computer seems to function improperly. As a result we need to repair our computer to make it function properly. It is very tedious to repair ones computer and beside that it is also time consuming if the problem is unknown by the repairer. But if anyone has sound information regarding computer repair then it would seem to be rather easier. There are several organizations with trained and qualified technicians to help you out whenever you have problem with your computer. There are also various computer selling organizations who give after sell repairing service completely at free of cost. While there are other computers organizations, which have good computer technicians, provide only repairing service. Each of these companies serves their clients with best technical services. There are also different books or guidelines to provide us various information regarding computer trouble shoot and how to repair them. There are also technical colleges and training institute for technicians to learn more about computer problems and their repairing.

There are computers of various brands such as IBM, HP, Compaq, Dell, Apple etc. in the market and they differ from each other in respect of hardware and software. Therefore their troubleshooting problems also differ from each other. So the technicians should know how to repair these different computers. A good computer technician is required to familiar with various operating systems such as Microsoft Windows, Macintosh, Linux, etc. A good technician must also know how to deal with different computer peripherals such as printers, scanners, fax machines, etc.

Here are few troubleshoots of computers which are very common. They are 1) Power Supply Failure, 2) Motherboard Troubleshooting, 3) Hard Drive Failure 4), CD and DVD Drive Troubleshooting, 5) Modem Failure, 6) Sound and Game Card Failure, 7) Peripheral Failure 8) Virus Threats and many more. At first the technician need to do a complete diagnostic checkup. Then he needs follow those Basic Computer Repairing rules to repair a troubleshooting computer successfully. Beside these computer requires regular update, virus cleaning and modifications. At last we can conclude that if computers are maintained and handled properly then we can prevent our computers from various troubleshoots as we all know that ‘prevention is always better than cure’.

Think Out Of The Box With The Mind Map Software

Think Out Of The Box With The Mind Map Software

The idea of mind map has developed to facilitate and organize concepts and ideas that generally could take longer time to understand. When ideas and concepts are drawn on paper or even on a computer screen the relationship can be shown is an effective way which otherwise is difficult to understand. The traditional way of thinking hampers creative thinking and hence the idea of mind maps came into prominence. What happens in mind maps is that there is a central idea or concept around which a pattern or framework is built and that becomes instinctive for the individual. The visualizations of mind map are an excellent aid to problem solving and its business implications are immense. Mind Maps enables visual thinking which is generally not possible in the traditional way of learning and problem solving.

The mind map software is a great way to have drawing of ideas and concepts that show the linkages between different concepts. The mind map diagram drawn with the help of the software greatly facilitates learning and one can better understand the interrelations between disparate ideas and concepts. As opposed to the traditional method of note taking the mind mapping software enhances the efficiency of the individual in learning or studying by as much as fifteen percent according to Farrand and other scholars. There are mind-mapping software that uses three-dimensional techniques to enhance retention and understanding of ideas and concepts. Some mind map software are open source that enable users to draw mind map diagrams while others are free mind map software. The open source mind map software support platforms like Linux, UNIX, Windows, Mac OS, while others are cross platform software. The proprietary mind map software has additional functionality as compared with the open source and free software that has limited functionality.

Some freeware mind map software are web based and enables the users to collaborate and have their mind maps on the internet and the users need to have flash on their system to have this functionality. Another freeware mind map software lets the user to draw colorful concept maps and mind maps with good visualization and also have automatic topics’ layout functionality. Different free mind map software come with their own functionality, users can have other functionalities in these mind map software such as exports, free-float texts and images, color and fonts, rich text notes, task information, outline exports and much more.

The benefits of the mind map software for businesses are many and allow the users to have great visualizations. In the business of marketing the use of these mind map software is undisputable, and one can use the software to better outline the marketing strategies with their available resources. The individuals for whom the visualizations are created with the help of the mind map software can easily understand the interrelations between different ideas and concepts. The sharing of the mind maps also enables businesses to share knowledge with their clients and business associates. Visual thinking becomes more effective and efficient with the mind map software.

Career Paths For Comptia A+ Certified Technician

Career Paths For Comptia A+ Certified Technician

The world is your oyster. Where you decide to take your career after this is entirely up to you. There are some things to consider depending on your geographic location. If you happen to live in or near the larger populated cities, competition for entry-level technical positions can be fierce. More and more IT graduates enter the workforce each day. By obtaining your A+ certification you can have a substantial advantage over your competition in the career world, as well as having a good foundation for adding more certifications too.

Computer repair and technical support can however be quite lucrative. Here are some of the common fields that your A+ cert can make you a part of:

*Field service technicians
*Help Desk and Customer Service
*PC technicians
*Computer Manufacturing (DELL, HP, IBM etc.,)

However the opportunities for advacement and alternate fields are virtually endless. Here are some areas where specialized training and skills are in large demand:

– Computer Forensics
(Due to an increase in computer related crimes such as identity theft etc., lead to a greater need for people to analyze data without corruption.)

– Disaster prevention and recovery
(Oh-No!, I forgot to back-up my files. Now what do I do?)

– Personalized Training
Teach corporate and home users how to use software applications, prevent data loss and identity theft.)

(Large Scale Database Management Systems and Very Large Scale Database Management Systems) otherwise know as terabyte data warehousing.

Other Career Paths:
Once you have gone through the IT industry right of passage, the CompTIA A+ certification. Your career path can go in any direction you decide to take it. Let’s take a look at some different paths to follow.

The Hardware Path:
You can go from simple computer repair to manufacturing high-end workstations and servers.

The Technician Path:
The next step is taking the Net+ Exam and installing network cabling, supporting corporate end users and managing the corporate desktop.

Network support, configuring routers and managing user accounts on the corporate servers. This is also the well known Nework+/ MCSE/NOVEL CNA/Cisco CCNA track.

Design and manage the companies web presence and intranet.
(.NET, ASP, MsSQL, PHP, MySQL, Oracle, ColdFusion)

As you can see from just this small list the possibilities are astounding. This is only a small percentage of the technologies and career paths for you to choose from. The table below lists various other certifications that you can combine with A+ to take your career in a new direction. Also visit Comptia’s Related certification page for more information on how to apply A+ towards advanced certifications by vendors such as Cisco, Microsoft and more.

* Hardware: Server+, Manufacturing

* Technician: Net+, MCDSP, MCP/MCSA (Microsoft Track)

* Administration: Network+,CCNA/CCNP,CNA/CNE,Linux Track, MCSE

* Development: .NET, MCDBA, PHP/MySQL (Open-source Track)

Information technology is an ever changing arena. And while you may have decided on a specific career path, the benefits of the CompTIA A+ certification will remain a solid foundation for you to build on.

First Step To Eliminates Computer Slow Down – Registry Cleaning

First Step To Eliminates Computer Slow Down – Registry Cleaning

Microsoft Windows based computer will gradually slow down from time to time. The biggest issues are caused by registry growing. Registry growth is unavoidable because of:

1. Uninstalled programs don’t clean up the registry.
2. Too many information stored in the registry instead of database.
3. Temporary information not cleans up.
4. Too many programs installed.

Window Registry was first introduced in Windows 95, it was design to replace the old .ini file, which allows not just 2 levels of grouping in settings, but unlimited levels of tree settings! Microsoft likes complexity, they think of simplicity as outdated technology, which still widely use in other operating system, like UNIX and Linux.

Because of the Advance technology, windows’ user has to upgrade their computer to process the registry information! And this is bad news for me, because I am just like others, cannot afford to upgrade the computer every single year! The cheapest way is to do regular maintenance on registry.

Until .NET platform become popular (3/5 years down the road), we still need to rely on this bad design architecture, and we have learn how to live with it – Use some registry cleaning tools.

I remember my first registry cleaner was from Norton utility. That was the old days where Norton utility was the only few proper tuning tools for windows! Nowadays we have over hundreds types of registry cleaning tools; some are pure registry cleaner, some are subset of a larger toolset.

I prefer to use more professional registry cleaner, larger toolset doesn’t provides a very effective cleaning. The ideally best registry cleaning tool must be able to identified unwanted registry entry, safely remove identified items and able to optimize and compress the registry to its’ minimum!

If your personal computer is slowing down, first thing you should do is to uninstall all unused, unnecessary and unwanted software from your operating system, try to keep your window software as less as possible (Not to say you can’t have more), and focus on the tools that you really need.

Secondly, you should use one or few proper registry cleaning tools to tidy up the registry, eliminates all unused settings, information in the window registry, but remember to backup the registry first! Most registry cleaning tool will provides backup function for restore, if the cleaning “too much” and cause unstable behavior to the software or window operating system.

Never, ever use a registry cleaner without backup function! (Unless you want to backup manually every time before cleaning)

After cleaning up the window registry, you should restore 30% or more of your computer performance. If you still feel that the system is slow, you might be infected by virus or spyware, scan your computer with Anti Virus and Anti Spyware Software.

If you want to regain more speed, better startup and shutdown, free up your memory and unleash the power of your window, you should visit my web site for more information and tools on how to speed up your slow computer.

The Checklist Web Hosting Service for Business Owners

The Checklist Web Hosting Service for Business Owners

One of the inceptive quality I develop is that the hosting companies can ripe with you. If they separate propose one package, and you thirst more, your netting dwelling possibly down for up to 2 days and/or you may have to change the code on any forms you use to match the new “server settings”.

Don’t be bothered to interpret a hosting service’s subscriber information, FAQs (frequently asked questions), pastime areas or recognition boards on their sites.

A right hosting firm offers as copious of these basics as possible:

This is a hosting company I can succulent afford.

They instance a Money Back Guarantee.

They have hash on their zone about server uptime/downtime.

The transaction contacts me, at my first off email address, when/if acknowledged are installment server problems. (Could be problems when they’re updating their server, hurricanes, etc.)

They arrange at maiden 5 POP email accounts (example Your email accounts should receive Alias Accounts, which sight eat up a POP balance to the business sending you an email; however, the inscription is in toto an “alias” that’s forwarded to molecule other email account you choose. And when you send an email back to the original sender, it is the forwarding email account, NOT the that the sender receives.

There is a Web-based Email channels (a build for you to rationalize your email online). If not, my favorite is an undemanding disposition for email forwarding (and stop notice) capability.

24-hour customer service, by phone, leveled if it’s a high station call, is best!

50 mg show (the room you infatuation for a 100 page website with each page in that approx. 8×11)

2 Gig Data Transfer/month (this bequeath be enough for utterly a while!)

Front Page Extensions – single wanted if you undertake a interlacing point with MS Front Page

Cgi/PHP/MySQL (or asp availability). Check with your designer to excogitate what you’ll have need for forms to be created).

Easy Control Panel: This character is especially right-hand if you requirement to keep at your zone
or have someone heavier tender make headway it. It’s the one father to adventure when making changes to your site, add addresses, etc

Statistics – Does your hosting companies works gain weekly and yearly statistics on each of your lattice pages? Will you notice how someone launch each of your web pages?

Secure server, Shopping camper (and unrelated things you’ll ravenousness to side with elaborating a merchant bill system)

Server type: The trait of server a hosting care you choose, should advance consequence explanation the programs you consign migration for things pleasure in your shopping cart, affiliate program, lacework site pages, etc. If you’re using ASP, JSP, PHP, CGI, PL, or CSS, these programs will influence the choice of a server and vice-versa. Your hosting service may use Windows (which for example accepts ASP but not PHP), Linux or Unix-based (Apache/FreeBSD/etc.) servers.

Anti Virus-More Information For You To Enjoy

Anti Virus-More Information For You To Enjoy

Spyware is computer software that is installed stealthily on a personal computer to intercept or take partial control over the user’s interaction with the computer, without the user’s knowledge or consent. Unlike a computer virus, spyware does not directly spread in the manner of a worm. Generally, an infected system does not attempt to transmit the infection to other computers; the issue is contained to your local system.

Spyware normally interferes with networking software, which commonly causes difficulty connecting to the Internet. Spyware, along with other threats, has led some Windows users to move to other platforms such as Linux or Apple Macintosh, which are less attractive targets for malware. However these platforms are not full-proof so don’t fall into an out of sight trap. They will reach your system by exploiting security holes or are packaged with user-installed software, such as Limewire.

Spyware is often hidden alongside other programs, and you may unknowingly install spyware when you download a program from the Internet or install software from disks.The scariest part of being attacked is the privacy implications, as spyware can also gather information about e-mail addresses and even passwords and credit card numbers.

Not only can spyware programs collect various types of personal information, but they can also interfere with user control of the computer in other ways, such as installing additional software, redirecting Web browser activity, or diverting advertising revenue to a third party. Microsoft has an entire Windows Update site devoted to automatically updating users’ systems with all the latest fixes and patches for a wide range of Microsoft software, including Windows, Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access), and Internet Explorer.

Anti-spyware software programs can be used solely for detection and removal of spyware software that has already been installed onto your computer. Anti-virus software can detect many but not all forms of malicious software before they have a chance to affect your computer. Anti-spyware applications must also be able to remove programs on reboot for spyware/adware that refuses to be removed through normal processes. Of course, anti-spyware applications alone can’t protect you entirely from unwanted spyware and adware.

For example, recent test results show that bundled software (WhenUSave) is ignored by popular anti spyware program AdAware, (but removed as spyware by most scanners) because it is part of the popular (but recently decommissioned) Edonkey client. To address this dilemma, the Anti-Spyware Coalition has been working on building consensus within the anti-spyware industry as to what is and isn’t acceptable software behavior.Another form of spyware is Adware, it’s similar to viruses in that they can be malicious in nature, however the focus now is money as people are now profiting from these threats making them more and more popular.

Anti virus programs are so very important so all of you using the internet daily should most definitely check it out more thoroughly very soon.

Developing Cold Fusion Hosting

Developing Cold Fusion Hosting

Cold Fusion Hosting is all about databases, really. Cold Fusion, a software suite brought to us by the fine folks at Macromedia, which allows web-interactivity with databases. With Cold Fusion web hosting, you can now query, update, index, and chart databases from any web browser.

Cold Fusion hosting adds versatility and interactivity to ecommerce sites. Cold Fusion allows you to publish and then have automatically removed from your site time-sensitive content, such as flight schedules or event calendars. It adds functionality to creating and managing mailing lists and business reports. It allows you to offer your visitors printable content and customized menus.

Anytime you see .cfm as the extension on a web page, as opposed to .htm or .asp for example, you know you’re dealing with Cold Fusion Markup Language (CFML).

Though cold fusion is built on the Java platform, CFML allows web developers the benefits of Java without its inherent technical complexities. You need not know Java scripting in order to use cold fusion. CFML is a tag-based language quite similar to HTML and XML which makes it easy for anyone with even the most basic knowledge of web scripting to learn.

Cold Fusion is a server-side language which means that any web pages using CFML are read and interpreted by the Cold Fusion hosting company’s server and converted into an HTML page prior to being sent back to the user’s browser.

Cold Fusion web hosting can be significantly more expensive than other forms of web hosting, and should therefore only really be considered if its unique set of tools are relevant for your site’s intended uses. Cold Fusion hosting is usually run on Windows 2000/NT/2003 operating systems, though you can also find support for Cold Fusion hosting on Linux and Sun servers.

In addition to all the usual factors you must consider when choosing any web host – cost, disk space, bandwidth, uptime, scalability, support – you now also have to consider certain factors specific to cold fusion hosting, including: potential tag restrictions, additional security concerns, whether the cold fusion hosting company provides database support, and which version of Cold Fusion they’re using.

One type of tag restriction that is also a security concern is “high risk” tags, such as those that can be used to find and erase selected files from a server. For some larger businesses, this functionality is crucial to their operation, though potentially detrimental if accessed by the wrong hands, in which case a dedicated server is probably in order. Fortunately, cold fusion hosting is offered on shared, virtual, and dedicated servers.

Cold Fusion is well worth considering if you’d like the functionality of the Java platform with the facility of a comparatively autonomous and user-friendly software system. Especially if your website is expected to generate an income, you may find that the intimidating price tag, in the long run, turned out to be a bargain.

Joomla! CMS For Cutting Edge Content Management

Joomla! CMS For Cutting Edge Content Management

Joomla is an award-winning Content Management System (CMS) that will help you build websites and other powerful online applications. Best of all, Joomla is an open source solution that is freely available to everybody

Joomla in Action:

Joomla is one of the most powerful Open Source Content Management Systems on the planet. It is used all over the world for everything from simple websites to complex corporate applications. Joomla is easy to install, simple to manage, and reliable.

Joomla! Features:

1) Completely database driven site engines
2) News, products or services sections fully editable and manageable

3) Topics sections can be added to by contributing authors
4) Fully customisable layouts including left, center and right menu boxes

5) Browser upload of images to your own library for use anywhere in the site
6) Dynamic Forum/Poll/Voting booth for on-the-spot results
7) Runs on Linux, FreeBSD, MacOSX server, Solaris and AIX

Extensive Administration:

Change order of objects including news, FAQs, articles etc.
Random Newsflash generator
Remote author submission module for News, Articles, FAQs and Links
Object hierarchy – as many sections, departments, divisions and pages as you want
Image library – store all your PNGs, PDFs, DOCs, XLSs, GIFs and JPEGs online for easy use
Automatic Path-Finder. Place a picture and let Joomla! fix the link
News feed manager. Choose from over 360 news feeds from around the world
Archive manager. Put your old articles into cold storage rather than throw them out
Email-a-friend and Print-format for every story and article
In-line Text editor similar to Word Pad
User editable look and feel
Polls/Surveys – Now put a different one on each page
Custom Page Modules. Download custom page modules to spice up your site
Template Manager. Download templates and implement them in seconds
Layout preview. See how it looks before going live
Banner manager. Make money out of your site

Is a Joomla! CMS web site difficult to maintain:?

Once Joomla! is installed and running, it is simple for even non-technical users to add or edit content, update images, and to manage the critical data that makes your company or organization go. Anybody with basic word processing skills can easily learn to manage a Joomla site. Via a simple, browser-based interface you will be able to easily add new press releases or news items, manage staff pages, job listings, product images, and create an unlimited amount of sections or content pages on your site.

Where do you see Joomla in the future?

I see Joomla as an extremely robust and attractive CMS for businesses and people who just want to run a website. If we can get the documentation issues sorted out, Mambo will be a market leading CMS, and I have no doubt about that

Web presence is not a luxury but a necessity today….

Web presence is not a luxury but a necessity today….

It’s not rocket science to create a web presence. This article takes you through the various steps to develop your website …

The process of creation of a web presence starts with getting a domain that represents your business entity. Domain is an identity that your business will have on the Internet, and hence it has to be well thought of. No two businesses can ever hold the same domain name simultaneously; therefore your Internet identity is totally unique. If you have a business site on the Internet your domain name is your own online brand and in a sense you can use your domain name as your online business card. Keep the following points in mind while selecting a domain – try to think of catchy words and phrases that will bring more traffic to your website, try to use a domain that is relevant to your business, try to keep the domain as short as possible around 5-20 characters.

Once you have a domain name in place, the next step is to create a website for your company and then host it on the World Wide Web. Buying web hosting is like buying yourself some space on the Internet. Depending on the type of website you have you can choose what type of hosting you want to buy – windows hosting or linux hosting. If you have a plain informative/brochure website it does not matter much what hosting you choose, but if you have an ecommerce website and you are selling online, you would have to take an informed decision. You can also buy email hosting to make your email ids more professional looking.

Now the next step is to make sure that your website can be reached by people i.e. search engine optimize your website. Search engine optimization refers to the art of making your website searchable on various search engines. This is done by optimizing your website for various keywords – the words or phrases that people will use to look for businesses like yours. Once the site is optimized and people reach your site looking for certain products/services, you would start receiving targeted hits/leads on your website. talks about a framework for search engine optimization.

Once you have your website in place, you can think of doing many value additions such as adding a live chat tool on your website, which will help you monitor the traffic on your website. If you have an ecommerce website maybe you can add an SSL Certificate to create the confidence in your customers.

So build your web presence fast – register a domain, buy web hosting and email hosting, build your website etc at

PHP And Mysql Training

PHP And Mysql Training

The recent boom in field of Information Technology has seen a steep rise in the demand of trained professionals in PHP and MySQL. Software companies specializing in php mysql web development are always searching for skilled professionals for recruitment in several important projects. The current supply of PHP experts is much below par, in terms of potential growth in the industry.

To train the educated work force in this regard various MySQL and PHP training courses have been developed. These courses provide elaborate training to the professionals for developing website with the usage of these languages.

PHP Training Objectives

Two main objectives of php and mysql web development program are:

• To develop skills to create interactive and data-driven sites

• Skill development for database creation in MySQL programming

Prerequisites For Training

The most important criteria for acquiring PHP training is thorough knowledge of HTML. The course should focus on any level in programming for teaching database creation.

On the other hand there are courses for fresher in the field of php and mysql web development. Some institutes like Indus Net Academy, has launched ACE Web Developer course with the aim of teaching real applications in PHP and MySQL. These courses are beneficial for creating awareness among candidates about programming language.

Course Details

Once you get enrolled into these training courses you can acquire knowledge in areas like PHP Programming Fundamentals, Strings Functions, Arrays Functions, HTML/CSS and Forms, File Handling and Email Handling in PHP, Object Oriented PHP and Session Handling etc. On the other hand, the ACE Web Developer course emphasizes on other programming languages such as MySQL Basics, Extended PHP, OOPS in PHP 5, Exception handling in PHP 5, XML / SOAP etc.

Another vital aspect of these php mysql development courses are; 70% hands-on and 30% lecture ratio, as far as the training part of the course are concerned. By engaging the students in live projects the courses ensure that the students have a thorough understanding of the actual application of such programming languages.

So if you have some knowledge about HTML, then you can get online training as well as work as a freelancer for php mysql web development. Some of the requirements essential for learning this programming language are:

• A personal computer at home
• Linux, Windows, MacOS X, or Solaris operating system
• Web server (either Apache httpd or Microsoft IIS)
• PHP 5 or later with the PEAR extensions enabled
• MySQL 4.1 or later (5 or later recommended)
• Internet Explorer 6 or Firefox 2

PHP programmers can now get quality work through the Internet from the freelancing websites. It is an open source language and is free to install and use. This is the main reason for the increase in the popularity of this language.

Choosing the Best Audio Player Software for Your Computer

Choosing the Best Audio Player Software for Your Computer

Audio player software is used to play back sound recordings in one of the many formats available for computers today. It can also play back music CDs. There is audio player software that is native to the computer’s operating system (Windows, Macintosh, and Linux) and there are web-based audio players. This article discusses the local computer audio players.

Advantages of computer audio player software

The main advantage of a computer audio player is that you can play your audio CDs and there is no longer any need to have a separate CD player. However the capabilities of the computer audio player go beyond just playing traditional music CDs. You can also play sound clips in one of the many audio formats found in the information technology industry today. The MP3 format is a standard whereby a high rate of compression can be achieved on sound files allowing the ability to store large numbers of them on hard disk. Another advantage is when the computer audio player has ripping capability you can extract a sample clip from the sound track for internet posting or emailing. Audio players in the form of portable MP3 players like Apple’s iPod are extremely advantageous due to their long battery life and capability to be carried practically anywhere.

Choosing and using a computer audio player

Windows comes with Windows Media Player already installed. Realplayer is a free download as well. There are other free products such as Winamp (Windows only). One important feature you want to look for when choosing an audio player beyond what is packaged with your operating system is the sound filtering capabilities. It should at least have a graphic equalizer where you can adjust for poor quality sound files. Look for other features like the ability to rip sound tracks and change the skins of the computer audio player.

The demand for the computer audio player

Demand is driven by price and the free audio players like Windows Media Player will remain popular when it comes to playing audio on the computer. Where people are spending more of their money is on the portable MP3 players like Apple’s iPod. Apple makes a free computer audio player for the computer called iTunes and it is used to organize play lists and transfer sound files to the iPod player. Typically, you download iTunes and install it on your computer and then you have an integrated environment to import different types of Podcasts and audio for exporting to the iPod player itself. Plus iTunes can be used as a standalone computer audio player. But more and more you will see the demand for mobile computer audio players to increase because of their convenience and portability.

Computer Operating Systems

Computer Operating Systems

Computer operating systems have evolved over the years to become one of the most integral software components of a computer system. Without the operating system, being able to use a personal computer would be much more difficult. The operating system allows the user to easily and more successfully navigate the computer system without having to know complicated commands and requests.

In the early days of computers, operating systems weren’t part of the overall system configuration. They came about after the super computers had already been invented. Before operating systems, information was input into the computer with punch cards. The system wasn’t very efficient and required knowledge of punch card machines just to get the desired information from the computer.

Then some programmers had a vision. They thought it would be wonderful if everyone could use a computer without having to know about complicated programming language. They began designing the first computer operating systems, and soon found success.

Today, there are many computer operating systems both already developed as well as currently in development. Most of these operating systems are designed solely with the user in mind. They allow computer operators to simply load programs into their computers and then navigate their system with the point of a mouse and the click of a button.

All computer operating systems have certain processes that they perform “behind the scenes” so that the user doesn’t really know that they are happening. This is called multi-tasking and makes it much easier to use a computer without having to manage resources manually. The operating system does it for you!

Your computer operating system will manage your random access memory, your hard disk memory, the scheduling of tasks, and so much more! It will provide a level of security to your computer so that you don’t have to worry about an outside party gaining access to any of the information on your computer. It will also navigate the various programs that are on your computer when you want to open those programs. Just tell the operating system, and it’ll take care of the rest!

The most popular operating systems today are Microsoft Windows and Apple’s Mac OS X. The technology for most computer operating systems came from these two computer giants and other operating systems have evolved from those. Linux and GNU are two other operating systems that are beginning to take hold in popularity, although they are mainly geared toward the mainframe and network system market.

The computer operating system brought personal computers into our homes and businesses and made it easy for anyone to use a computer. Without the computer operating system, using a computer would remain in the dark ages.

Software Evolution

Software Evolution

As Internet connections become more permanent with broadband access, software will be able to evolve into a more efficient and personalized medium. Currently, most software run from our hard drives and require installations that alter our system configurations, many times slowing down our computers. Because software occupies space and processing power, there is a limited amount of software that can run in our PCs. On the business side, current software systems require many companies to produce a system of distribution (Compac Discs), customer support, and is usually not compatible with all customers, thus limiting its customer base further.

A software evolution is ocurring and it is going to benefit both customers and businesses immensly. Software will no longer come as a packet that needs to be installed on a PC, but rather it will be completely Web based. Web based software will become the default way of reaching customers. Customers will have advantages such as, using unlimited amount of software, using applications regardless of where the person is or which computer he/she is using, software can be personalized and upgraded to meet specific needs to each individual. Businesses will be able to, reduce costs, reach a larger customer pool, taylor its software to diverse markets, repair bugs more rapidly and easily, understand its customer and the way they use their software, etc.

In order for this software revolution to occur in whole, there needs to be a central point. Like Miscrosoft’s DOS in the 80’s, which became the standard choice of operating system to centralize and organize our computer operations, there needs to be an online operating system. As of now, Microsoft has built an empire because of its vision and their dominance in the OS market. However, now there is a window of opportunity to take a large chunk of that empire and possibly eliminate Microsoft’s monopoly of the Operating System. While there are many companies and organizations (Apple, Linux, Lindows) out there trying to take a bite out of Microsoft by competing on the same turf, PC users are accostumed to Windows and will most likely not switch. The opportunity to eliminate this monopoly is to create an Online Operating System. PC users will inevitably move completely online.

An Online Operating System will be the central point of every user in the future. There are online companies who have an inside advantage to this, such as Yahoo!, Google, and AOL, but it can be anyone’s medal, even to a fairly unknown competitor, as was Microsoft when they introduced DOS to the world. In this new concept of Operating System, there can be a larger space of diversity and can be shared by more companies, unlike the current status.

Operating System Requirements

Operating System Requirements

Depending on what operating system you choose to use on your computer, the system requirements will be different. Obviously, larger operating systems will require more system resources than smaller ones. It is important to know what the system requirements are of your chosen operating system. Here’s a brief overview of what you need to know.

Windows is the most popular operating system in the world today. There are many versions of Windows that have been distributed over the years, and some people are still using some of the older versions rather than upgrading to the newer ones. The system requirements tell the story why.

* Windows Vista – Microsoft’s newest product has rigorous system requirements. To run Windows Vista, you must have a minimum 800 megahertz processor with 512 MB of RAM and a DirectX 9 class graphics card. Your hard drive capacity must have at least 20 gigabytes of memory with 15 gigabytes available. You must also have a DVD-ROM.

* Windows XP – Still one of the most popular operating systems on personal computers today, Windows XP requires lower system requirements. A 300 megahertz processor with 128 MG of RAM is recommended. The video monitor should be a Super VGA (800 x 600 dpi). You will also need a minimum of 1.5 gigabytes of hard drive disk free space.

* Windows 2000 – This version of Windows is also still used by many personal users as well as businesses. You will need a processor with a minimum Pentium 133 chip. The recommended memory is 64 MB with 2 gigabytes of disk space available.

Of course, there are other operating systems available for users to choose. Here are the system requirements for some of them.

* Mac OS X – This operating system is run on Macintosh computers and requires a Power PC, G3, G4, or G5 processor. You should have built-in fire wire capabilities and at least 256 MB of RAM. You need 3 gigabytes of disk space for installation and a DVD-ROM drive for the software.

* Linux – This is a free operating system available for download for users. It requires a 32-bit x86 processor and 4MB or more of RAM. You need a VGA video card and 40 MB of hard disk space to install all modules.

With the different versions of operating systems that are still available for computer systems. The system requirements differ for each one and what type of computer you are using will dictate what type of operating systems you have available to use. Be sure to know your system well so that when you install your operating system, the requirements to run it will meet the minimum standards recommended by the company.

The Internet And Security – How To Avoid The Pitfalls

The Internet And Security – How To Avoid The Pitfalls

According to many Internet experts, Internet and security concerns are foremost on people’s minds nowadays. With all of the security and Internet stories about identity theft, Internet worms, Trojan horse viruses, and spyware, everyone wants to make sure that they have the best Internet security available. The problem is that the Internet is still a fairly new technology. Even the most tech savvy of us usually don’t know how it works, or how to adequately protect ourselves. In general, we are stuck taking the advice of anyone who will give it to us. We take their word about what are the best Internet and security solutions without really knowing how to investigate it ourselves. In general, we don’t know where Internet security problems start, or how to fix them.

I have been researching Internet and security lately, and what I have found has surprised me. It turns out that Internet security and privacy have a lot more to do with the programs that you are running than what websites you go to. Users of Apple computers, for example, almost never get viruses. They are rarely exposed to worms, or identity theft problems provided that they adequately protect their passwords. The same goes for users of Linux. As a matter of fact, the only operating system which is routinely exposed to Internet and security threats is Windows. Anyone who uses Windows and is concerned about Internet and security Should really think about changing operating systems. It is easier to do than you might think.

The reason that Windows is such a Web security risk has a lot to do with the way that it is put together. Basically, is made to do everything for you. If you use Microsoft Mail, for example, it will automatically open files without asking you, never knowing whether or not a virus lurks inside. At every level, it is written with Internet and security concerns as an afterthought. This means that it is Completely filled with holes. When these holes are discovered, they will send out Internet and security bug fixes. Until someone is victimized, however, they usually have no idea that the programs are at risk.

Of course, Internet Web security is another problem altogether. A lot of Internet and security problems start in the computer, but other ones start with Internet transactions. E commerce security is not quite as good as a lot of the companies would have you believe. Often, passwords and financial information are stolen from Internet web sellers. No matter how good your own security is, if you buy from someone with a flawed system, you could be the victim.

Network Operating System

Network Operating System

A network operating system is software that controls a network of computer and its message traffic and queues. It controls access by multiple users to network resources such as files and provides for certain administrative functions including security of the system. A network operating system is not the same as the networking tools provided by some existing operating systems such as Windows XP. A network operating system is one that has been specifically written to keep networks running at optimal performance.

A network operating system is most frequently used with local area networks and wide area networks, but it can also have applications for larger network systems. A network is a series of multiple computers connected to a central server and is most often used in businesses for the purpose of file sharing.

The network operating system is one that includes special functions for connecting computers and devices into a local area network. Some popular systems for both DOS and Windows systems include Novell Netware, Windows NT and 2000, Sun Solaris, and IBM OS/2. A network operating system has many features that are essential to file sharing. They include:

* Providing basic operating system features like support for processors, protocols, automatic hardware detection and support for multi-processing of applications
* Security features such as authentication, authorization, log-on restrictions and access control
* Providing name and directory services
* Allowing file, print, web services, back-up and replication services
* Support for inter-networking such as routing and WAN ports
* Give user management and support tools for log on and log off, remote access, system management, administration, and auditing tools with graphical interfaces
* Clustering capabilities, fault tolerant, and high availability systems

Many network operating systems are familiar to individual computer users in that they are often network versions of personal computer operating system. That includes Windows 2000 Professional, Windows NT, and Red Hat Linux.

When you have a series of computers all hooked together on a network, the operating system used to control those computers is very important. All effective network operating systems should have built-in measures of security that keep the computers on the network safe from breach by outsiders. Monitoring capabilities by a system administrator is also very important to have in a network operating system.

Many businesses, both large and small take great pains in choosing the right type of operating system for their network. They want to make sure that sensitive information is not compromised in any way. That’s why choosing a network operating system needs to be everything that the company needs it to be.

Operating System Download

Operating System Download

With the advent of free software, it is possible to download a new operating system for you to install on your computer. The idea behind free software is that you won’t have to pay for something that could quite possibly be new and better than what you are already using. This freeware is available for download at no charge and then you can install it right away.

When you are downloading a new operating system, you need to find a place in your file system to store it to. You will not want to run the software before you save it. Once you click on the “download” link, let your current system work and store it in a place that is easily accessible. It could take quite some time to download an operating system, so be patient.

Before you start installing the new operating system that you have downloaded, you’ll need to take precautions that you don’t lose all of your existing information. You can easily back up your current system with the use of tools available for download like Norton Ghost (at Having a back-up of your current system is good because if you don’t like the operating system you have just downloaded, you can always go back to what you had before – with all of the programs still intact.

After you download your new operating system, you’ll need to install it. Simply go to the place where you saved the program and click on the icon or file name. The computer should take it from there. Be prepared to sit by your computer for awhile. You will often be prompted to enter some information as the program installs itself. The input of this information will be needed after your new operating system is installed.

Most new operating systems available for download are those of the freeware type such as Linux. These freeware programs are new and innovative, so be prepared for a different experience. Although many of these operating systems are based on the Windows platform, they are still different than most operating systems, so you’ll want to take some time getting to know your new operating system.

There are many opportunities in the computer world for you to take advantage of when it comes to download operating systems. New technologies are being developed all the time. If you want to take advantage of these great new operating systems, you have full access to a download when you take the time to look for the programs.

Understanding Your Operating System

Understanding Your Operating System

It’s really not difficult to understand the concept of your operating system. When you consider that it is an integral part of your computer that makes it easier for you to use your system, understanding an operating system can be a simple thing.

Basically, your operating system is the main program on your computer. It is installed with the intent to make operating your computer easier and more user-friendly. Operating systems were developed with you, the user in mind, and make navigating a computer as well as all the programs on it possible for almost everyone – even small children.

Here are a variety of functions that your computer operating system performs:
* Determining what types of software you can install
* Coordinating the applications running on the computer at any given time
* Making sure that individual pieces of hardware, such as printers, keyboards, and disk drives, all communicate properly
* Allowing applications such as word processors, email clients, and web browsers, to perform tasks on the system (e.g., drawing windows on the screen, opening files, communicating on a network) and utilize other system resources (e.g., printers, disk drives)
* Reporting error messages
The OS also determines how you see information and perform tasks. Some operating systems utilize a graphical user interface (GUI), which presents information through pictures (icons, buttons, dialog boxes, etc.) as well as words. Other operating systems can rely solely on text.
Understanding an operating system isn’t crucial to operating your computer, but it can help you when choosing which type of operating system you’ll want on your computer. Most new computers come pre-loaded with Microsoft Windows, but there are a couple of other operating systems that can be installed on your computer. These include:

* Mac OS X – This operating system is used primarily on Apple Macintosh computers and is similar to Windows with its GUI (although the GUI does look different) and the way it operates.
* Linux – This is a UNIX based operating system that is relatively new to the mass computer market. This operating system is generally used by mainframe computers and servers, but it is growing in popularity for personal use as well.

Your operating system is the main software program on your computer made for ease of operating. While its not crucial for you to have a complete understanding of your operating system, it can help you when you are using your computer in the event anything should happen. When you have a basic understanding of your operating system, then you can take steps to correcting a problem.

Lost Something On Your Computer? It May Not Be As Bad As You Think

Lost Something On Your Computer? It May Not Be As Bad As You Think

Just because you can’t see it, or can’t find it doesn’t mean that its not there! I would say at least 90% of people who use a computer on a regular basis have no idea how it actually works. They think that things like icons on their desktop will make their computer run slow. Many things that because they have a slow computer it will cause their Internet to be slow. Others think that “Windows” is the computer and they don’t realize that it’s just another piece of software like every other program running on a computer. Finally many people think that when they click and delete something off of their computer, and wipe it from their trash bin that the information is actually gone. If you think that is the case, and you think you have lost your information for good, think again, cause you might just be in luck!

When information is stored on your hard drive or hard disk, it is stored in things called sectors. When you delete something off of your computer through Windows or Linux or Dos all it is doing is telling the computer that those sectors are now available to be written over. The computer doesn’t actually wipe them clean, which would be useless when it could just as easily write over them. So if you have a virus or a computer illiterate roommate that happens to delete the important files off your computer, then you might just be able to get that information back. There is one catch, its not easy!

Not only is it not easy, but also 99% of people don’t have the technology, know-how or resources and education to do it themselves. This is why there are professional companies that specialize in data recovery, and believe me, they charge tons of money.

Data loss occurring from an actual hard drive failure such as overheating and melting important sensors or an electric shock that fries components might actually result in permanent data loss. Yep, so sometimes data recovery cannot restore lost files. This is why data security is a smart, preventative measure. Backing up data on multiple hard drives and CDs and DVDs and on multiple computers will prevent disastrous things like permanent data loss from occurring. Be smart – back your files up, it will cost you less to back up on hard drives than it will cost you to recover files directly from your hard disk.

Data Recovery – Your Next Option To Safeguarding Information

Data Recovery – Your Next Option To Safeguarding Information

The realization about the need to prepare for safeguarding crucial data on your hard disk may come a little too late when the computer or the hard disk has crashed. Data loss could mean, for a small business, going out of business unfortunately, sometimes permanently. Rebuilding years of data is out of question. It is pertinent to know the whys and hows of data loss in order to understand data recovery better.

Important Causes of Data Loss
What you hoped will not occur, perhaps because of no reason, could always hit you hardest unless you are safeguarded against them. Computer running slowly could be because of spyware scrupulously installed could be working behind screens to destroy or transmit data to their masters eventually causing hard disk to crash. Others like electric storms, power surges, mechanical failures, fires & floods and user errors (sometimes in disregard of warnings) could affect your computer without any or sufficient warning.

You could also loose data because of sudden but unintended deleting of files or programs. Accidental disk format, virus attack, partition loss are some more causes for data loss.

Data Protection
Data protection is the best policy than ruing over the loss. You can make use of trusted data backup software which automatically backup your data regularly, if you can’t do it yourself manually. Keeping backup of backups will safeguard you against the worst eventualities, too. Turn off your computer immediately as you hear strange noises like creaking run of hard disk. It is also wise to unplug power cords, modem and telephone cables when you are going out of home or office for a long time.

Data Recovery
The first thing you need to understand when dealing with data recovery is not loosing cool. Never act in haste and don’t attempt data recovery yourself unless you are an old hat at that. Call for professional help from your area and who you know.

Data recovery software does a neat job in most of the cases. There are quite a few reliable softwares available, no matter what platform your computer operates on. Data recovery softwares are available for Mac, Windows, Linux, and so on. Don’t attempt to use the software yourself out of gut feeling. If you must, check for user friendly personal packages.

An average company in US alone spends anywhere between 0,000 and million in total for desktop-oriented disasters. This should more than emphasize the need for data safety and disk recovery.

Is VMware The Best Way To Integrate PCs?

Is VMware The Best Way To Integrate PCs?

Many IT specialists are looking for a software program like VMware for their home or office computers, which enable them to switch between two or three different operating systems like Windows Vista and Windows XP. The VM in VMware stands for virtual machine and that is exactly what this software offers: a virtual replica of one or more operating systems with a host and you will have no trouble switching between your home office and your actual office. Instead of phoning home to ask for a file to be sent to your office pc, you can simply activate the VMware workstation and you can have everything you need at your fingertips.

The VMware workstation is compatible with x86 (or 32 bit) to x64 and the great advantage is that you can run various operating systems like Linux, Windows and other variants simultaneously. You will have the capability to fuse hard disk drives, CD ROMs and network adaptors as well as simulate certain hardware programs. VMware cuts out the need to have a separate IP address for every operating system through special configuration. It converts the CD ROM into an ISO file and the hard disk drive will be seen as a vmdk file. The VMware workstation is marvelous as it also allows you to test live CDs without you needing to burn them onto an actual CD.

In order to run your VMware workstation in an office setting or with many users, you can get the VMware server 1.0 or the upgraded ESX server, which allows you to edit, create and manage your various virtual machines. It makes it easier for employers to stay updated with their employees work as well as fusing the efforts of the team into one vision. It is very useful in many work environments for lowering overheads and managing certain projects whilst saving resources like bandwidth. All employees will be operating under an umbrella called VMware and this will also provide safety and increase productivity.

The reason that VMware is far superior to its predecessors like Microsoft’s Virtual PC and Mac OS X is because unlike those systems that simply used the same coding sequence for virtual additions to a host machine, the VMware automatically changes any coding (after storing the original safely) to make the system run 80 percent more effectively and efficiently. The workstation will require you to install certain drivers into the host machine so that VMware can switch dynamically between its machines.

Modern Pressure Cooker

Modern Pressure Cooker

Cookers are no more simple cooking utensils of the yesteryear where there was not an iota of safety element built-in. Cookers have come a long way since the World War II and in addition to having countless safety features, they are also aesthetical and eye pleasing plus user friendly, not to mention their functionality and utility.

Before we proceed, cooker also means the name of a software product called as ‘Mandriva Linux©’ which is naturally out of the scope of this discussion.

Ever since man discovered cooking was delicious than eating raw, cookers began commanding kitchens across the globe. Modern cookers come in a huge variety of designs and safety features. Still others like the solar variety sport the smart tag of not consuming any power at all.

Pressure cookers have features characteristic of their categories. Rice cookers have single inside containers while normal cookers comes with multi deck containers. Another distinguishing feature of rice cookers is relatively thinner construction.

Cookers provide pressurized (10Ksc) cooking which helps cook 30-50% faster. Cooking under sealed condition, as dictated by high pressures, has dual advantages. One: Faster cooking saves time and energy; two: prevents loss of nutrients.

Safety Features
Pressure cookers build up to 10ksc of pressure in quick time. This asks for fail proof safety features. A release valve lifts off just before the threshold pressure is reached regulating the inside pressure. The gasket in the lid expands and comes out of a recess in the lid when the release valve fails to operate or reduce pressure even after operating. Of course, the gasket has to be replaced later. Another important safety feature is the blow off safety valve. This operates only when both the above fail. This is directly fitted to the top of the lid and is made of a special alloy of aluminum which melts exactly at the threshold pressure.

The body is made of extra strong aluminum of thickness 5mm. The bottom is 10mm thick in some models. The lids are designed to fit either from inside or outside depending on the design. Inside lids are safer than the other design as their entire rim grips the mouth better under pressure. The electric variety cookers have thermostats which switch off at a particular temperature preventing higher pressure buildup.

Solar cookers need time before they got a place under the Sun owing to their dilute energy output.

So anyone still fancies flint and stone to cook dinners?



UNIX is a computer operating system originally developed in the 60’s and 70’s by a group of AT & T employees at Bell Laboratories. UNIX operating systems are widely used in both servers and work stations primarily by large corporations. The UNIX environment and the client-server program model were essential elements in the development of the Internet and the reshaping of computing as centered in networks rather than in individual computers.

Both UNIX and the C programming language were developed by AT & T and distributed to government and academic institutions causing both to be opened up to a wider variety of machine families than any other operating systems. As a result, UNIX became synonymous with “open systems”.

UNIX systems are characterized by various concepts. They are known as the UNIX philosophy and they include:

* The use of plain text for storing data
* A hierarchical file system
* Being able to treat devices and certain types of inter-process communication as files
* The use of a large number of small program that can be strung together through a command line interpreter using “pipes” as opposed to using a single program with the same functionality

Under UNIX, the operating system is many utilities along with a master control program called the kernel. The kernel provides services to start and stop programs, handle the file system along with other common “high level” tasks that most programs share. Most importantly, UNIX schedules access to hardware to avoid conflicts if two programs try to access the same resource or device simultaneously. To mediate this access, the kernel was given special rights on the system. This divided the space into two sections: the user space and the kernel space.

UNIX has been the basis for many other offshoot operating systems including Linux and GNU. While UNIX is an operating system, it is one that is meant for larger mainframe computers as opposed to individual personal computers. It is widely considered to be the basis for many operating systems that have been developed and honed over the years.

The technology provided by the UNIX system led to other developments in computer mainframe and server technology. It is now widely used by corporations such as AT & T, Sun Micro Systems, and Novell.

Often referred to as “the most important operating system you’ll never use”, UNIX became an important advancement in computer programming. In fact, it remains an important part of many new operating systems currently in development.

Kit – Types And Uses

Kit – Types And Uses

The word kit has various meanings. It often refers to a set of tools. A kit may include a drum kit first aid kit, press kit, software distribution kit, root kit, and software development kit. A drum kit is used for jazz, rock, and other types of music. The drum kit includes drums, cymbals, and other music instruments. A drum kit varies from person to person. It depends on the musical style, personal choice, the financial capability of the drummer and the transportation means.

The minimum requirements for a drum kit are a bass drum and a snare drum, some tom toms, and a hi-hat consisting of two small cymbals, a ride cymbal and a crash cymbal. A first aid kit consists of all types of equipments that are used to give first aid. The contents of a first aid kit vary depending on different local conditions. Usually a first aid kit consists of sterilized dressing pads for the eye, and for burns and cuts.

Bandages are commonly found in almost all the first aid kits. The bandages are of different types like the gauze roller, elastic bandage, adhesive and triangular bandage. The common equipments found in a first aid kit are gloves, apron, flashlight, cold packs, space blanket, thermometer, penlight, and sterile eye wash. The emergency kit also includes various kinds of pain killers, antiseptics, alcohol pads, aspirins, activated charcoal, calamine and other necessary items.

The press kit consists of a storehouse of information that is used for promotional purposes. The contents of the press kit includes CD, reviews, photos, information on a person, band or group, whoever needs the exposure through media. Certain software tools help to give access to an intruder to a system, without letting the user know about this. These set of tools make up the root kit. They are used in a variety of operating systems like Linux, Solaris, and Microsoft Windows.

The software development kit helps a software engineer to create software applications for software framework, hardware platform, computer system, operating system and more. Kit generally refers to a collection of items required to perform some action. There are various other types of kit like the yoga kit, children’s kit, maternity kit, traveler kit, and more. The yoga kit consists of some videotapes and CDs, straps, yoga balls, and foam blocks. Similarly the other kits contain specific items depending on the requirement.



Computer software programs enable computers to perform specific tasks. It is removable and is differentiated from the physical components of the computer system which is called hardware. Application software allows a user to do something specific as in a word processing software program. System software allows the computer to run application software by interfacing with hardware and other software made to user specifications.

In computers, software is loaded into the random access memory (RAM) and is executed in the central processing unit (CPU). At its lowest level, software consists of machine language specific to an individual processor. Software is a sequence of instructions that changes to state of the computer’s hardware in a particular sequence so that the programs can run properly.

There are many different types of software. Of course, the system software is the operating system such as Windows or Linux. Application software can be in the form of games, applications, word processors, spreadsheet programs, and more. It is installed in the RAM and a point and click link is put onto the desktop to allow the user to launch the program easily.

Another type of software is programming software. This is a program that provides tools to a user allowing them to write computer programs in a computer language without having to know everything about that language. Programming software will include text editors, interpreters, link generators, and more. A good example of programming software would be Dreamweaver that allows a person to develop a web page without having a working knowledge of HTML.

A simple example of the way software operates can be illustrated by what happens when a user selects an entry such as “Copy” from a menu. In this case, a conditional instruction is executed to copy text from data in a document area residing in memory. If a different menu entry such as paste is chose, the software may execute the instructions to copy the text from the clipboard data area to a specific location in the same or another document in memory.

The only limitations on the use of computer software in applications lies in the ingenuity of the designer/programmer. Large areas of activities formerly assumed to be incapable of software simulation are now routinely programmed. The only area that has so far proven reasonably secure from software simulation is the realm of human art, but developments in this area are surely not far away.

Blogging Tools Galore

Blogging Tools Galore

Blogging is, in itself, a pretty fun way to get your information online, regularly and efficiently. It is also convenient in the sense that even beginners can jump into the fray without much training. You only have to look at the popularity of dozens of social networking sites such as MySpace and Friendster to realize that just about any Tom, Dick, and Jane can blog.

Good blogging services and good blogging tools facilitate this ease of use. If there were no content management tool for bloggers to use then blogging would be all but dead. The strength of blogging lies in the fact that it is easy to set up and use. Plus, it organizes itself and is easy to customize. If there were no blogging tools to facilitate this, then blogging would truly be a chore.

Thankfully, there are literally hundreds of blogging software packages and tools –both proprietary and open source. These tools all work on different levels and address different needs. While there isn’t much space to write about all the available tools for blogging, here is a listing of some of the handier blogging tools around.

1. Autoblogger Pro. If you are trying to saturate your site with rich keywords from some of your favorite blog sites and incorporate these feeds into your blog, then Autoblogger Pro is your tool. Autoblogger Pro uses blog text culled from RSS/Atom feed sites you so specify. This content is then made readily available on your site or on your web log. This is a great tool to uses if you are trying to get your blog’s search engine ranking higher. It also helps provide your blog with more information.

2. B2evolution. B2evolution is a LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) compatible software package that helps you host your own blog server. It supports multi-lingual and multi-blog environments that are easy to install, yet are rich and fully featured to boot. The great thing about this software is that it is free and feature rich. It is also easy to modify and extend to increase functionality to the hilt. It also installs easily and can be good to go in a few minutes.

Setting up AdSense on your Blog is a breeze, and you can complete the whole process in less then an hour. Free Adsense Secret Ebook on Adsense Tips here.

Where can I download Free Fonts

Where can I download Free Fonts

Free fonts are amongst the most popular downloads for entry level and professional graphic designers and typographers. They can provide a way for designers to express themselves uniquely without having to create a new font themselves or spend a lot of money purchasing a high priced professionally designed font for use only once or twice.
Aside from downloadable free fonts, there are numerous fonts that are available by default on all modern computers. Microsoft bundles a set of commonly used fonts with their Windows operating systems, as does Apple with OS X and many of the purveyors of Linux distros.
However, for more unique fonts, downloadable is the only way to go. Some of the most popular sites for free downloadable fonts include the following:
1001 Free Fonts, a site that offers far more than 1001 fonts, is currently one of the most popular sites for people looking to download free fonts. They offer fonts for both Windows and Mac OS X operating systems.
Dafont, a site that has grown in the past few years is now one of the largest destinations for free fonts. They seem to update more quickly than other sites, offer comments for each of their fonts, and they offer fonts for both Windows and Mac OS X operating systems.
Urbanfonts, a site that has a distinctly Web 2.0 style design and offers both free and commercial fonts (for a fee). Like 1001 Free Fonts and Dafont, Urbanfonts offers free fonts for both the Windows and the Mac OS X operating systems.
Are Free Fonts Worth the Download?
There are two distinct camps when it comes to free fonts. On one hand, many professional graphic designers believe that the only fonts worth downloading are those that are designed by professionals or those which have been crafted for a particular project.
However, for many entry level graphic designers and amateur typographers, free fonts can be a great way to learn about what makes a good font and can provide a number of impressive accents to their work.
The main problem with so many free fonts, though, is that they are modeled after fonts that have been engrained into the populace’s mind, making them useless for most semi-professional projects and all professional projects.